Chap 1 & 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 1 & 2 Deck (20):
1

Similar for individuals in a particular age group. These influences include a biological process such as puberty and menopause

Normative age-grade influences

2

Common to people of a particular generation because of historical circumstances.ex/ baby boomers

Normative history graded influences

3

usual occurrences that have a major impact on the lives of individual people. These events do not happen to everyone and when they do they influence ppl different ways
ex/ death of a parent or winning the lottery

Nonnormative life events

4

Involves the degree to which early traits and characteristics persist through life or change

Stability and change

5

A persons genetic heritage; the actual genetic material

genotype

6

The way an individuals genotype is expressed in observed and measurable characteristics

Phenotype

7

x linked inheritance

sex linked gene

8

the interaction of many genes

polygenetic inheritance

9

caused by extra 21 chromosome

down syndrom

10

a chromosomal disorder in which males have an extra x chromosome
-undeveloped testes and enlarged breasts

Klinefelter syndrom

11

A chromosomal disorder in females which either an x chromosome is missing or part of one is deleted
-infertile and difficulty with mathmatics

Turner Syndrom

12

Development is the result of an ongoing bidirectional interchange between heredity and the environment

Epigenetic view

13

specific time in which a particular event has great consequence

Critical Period

14

Particularly susceptible, but not alway irreversible

Sensitive period

15

focuses on our interactions with others and society

Eriksons Psychosocial development

16

a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired

classical conditioning

17

voluntary behavior governed primarily by consequence

operant conditioning

18

behavior learned by observing others and consequences

Social cognitive learning thory

19

emphasis on how to represent, understand and think about world

cognitive perspective

20

development occurs within context of interaction and culture

vygotsky sociocultural interaction