Flashcards in Chap 12 Deck (23):
The deliberate representation of particular identities (eg. caste, class, race, ethnicity, and nationality) as if they were a result of biology or nature rather than history or culture, making them appear eternal and unchanging
an ideal political unit in which national identity and political territory coincide
groups of people believed to share the same history, culture, language, and even the same physical substance.
Nation-building, or nationalism
the attempt made by government officials to instill a sense of nationality into the citizens of of a state
A nationalist program to define nationality in a way that preserves the cultural domination of the ruling group while including enough cultural features from subordinated groups to ensure their loyalty
The international construction of a collective public identity; it is the process that produces what we commonly think as ethnicity
A form of negative racial or ethnic absolutism that encourages the violent elimination of targeted groups and is central to the practice of racism.
Social groups that are distinguished from one another on the basis of ethnicity
A system of social identities negotiated situationally along a continuum of skin colours between black and white
An achieved status with a racial label in a system of stratification that is composed of open, class like categories to which racial labels are assigned
Belief in the existence of biologically distinct races
The systematic oppression of one or more socially defined races by another socially defined race that is justified in terms of the supposedly inherent biological superiority of the rulesrs and the supposed inherent biological inferiority of those they rules
A caste that refers to the widespread notion that indian society is divided into four functional subdivisions priests warriors farmers and merchants.
A caste that refers to localized named endogamous
The institution linking individuals from upper and lower levels in a stratified society.
The party of superior status clientage.
The Party of inferior status in a clientage
A ranked gorup within a hierarchically stratified society whose membership is defined primarily in terms of wealth occupation and or acces to power
A ranked group whose membership is based on inherited social roles. caste systems are closed (individuals cannot move from one caste to another), ant they combine elements of tribal affiliation, endogamy, class, occupation, mores, and ritual
A broad human propulation category that allegedly corresponds to distinct heritable sets of biological attributes and often conflates geographic ancestry and physical type
A social classification based on a common cultural heritage and selected cultural features such as language, religion, or dress. Ethnicity emerges from historical processes that incorporate distinct social groups into a single political structure under conditions of inequality
A sesnse of identification with and loyality to a nation-state; membership defined by citizenship, in a geopolitical sovereign state.