Chap 12&13-reproductive Systems Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 12&13-reproductive Systems Deck (30):
0

Suffix meaning "dropping"

-ptosis

1

puncture to withdraw fluid from the amnionic sac

A procedure in which a small sample of amniotic fluid is drawn out of the uterus through a needle inserted in the abdomen and is then analyzed to detect genetic abnormalities in the fetus or to determine the sex of the fetus.

Amniocentesis

amni/o = amnion

-centesis = puncture to withdraw fluid

2

failure of one or both testes to descend into the scrotum.

Cryptorchism

crypt/o = hidden

orch/o = testes

-ism = state of, condition

3

inflammation of the urinary bladder.

Cystitis

cyst/o = bladder

-itis = inflammation

4

A medical procedure to examine the bladder.

Cystoscopy

cyst/o = bladder

-scopy = process of visually examining

5


Difficult or painful urination.

Dysuria

dys- = abnormal

ur/o = urine

-ia = state

6


The presence of blood in the urine. Also called hematuresis.

Hematuria

hemat/o = blood

ur/o = urine

-ia = state

7

A specialist that deals with the kidneys, especially their functions or diseases.

Nephrologist

nephr/o = kidney

-logist = one who studies

8


Extreme hypertrophy (excessive development) of one or both kidneys.

Nephromegaly

nephr/o = kidney

-megaly = enlargement

9

a condition in which one often wakes up during the night to urinate.

Nocturia

noct/i = night

ur/o = uro

-ia = state

10


Testicular pain. Also called didymalgia, testalgia.

Orchialgia

orchi/o = testes

-algia = pain

11

The medical specialist concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in females and of the genitourinary tract in males.

Urologist

urin/o = urine

-logist = one who studies

12

Surgical removal of all or part of the vas deferens, usually as a means of sterilization. Also called deferentectomy, gonangiectomy.

Vasectomy

vas/o = vas deferens

-ectomy = surgical removal

13

IVP

Intravenous pyelogram

14

UTI

Urinary tract infection

15

A procedure in which a small sample of amniotic fluid is drawn out of the uterus through a needle inserted in the abdomen and is then analyzed to detect genetic abnormalities in the fetus or to determine the sex of the fetus.

Amniocentesis

amni/o = amnion

-centesis = puncture to withdraw fluid

16

of or pertaining to the cervix or neck.

Cervical

cervic/o = neck, cervix

-al = pertaining to

17

inflammation of the cervix.

Cervicitis

cervic/o = neck, cervix

-itis = inflammation

18


Of, relating to, or being an embryo.

Embryonic

embry/o = embryo

-nic = pertaining to

19


A physician specializing in gynecology.

Gynecologist

gynec/o = woman, female

-logist = one who studies

20

Absent or diminished fertility.
The persistent inability to achieve conception and produce an offspring.

Infertility

21

the operation of removing all or part of the breast or mamma.

Mastectomy

mast/o = breast

-ectomy = surgical removal

22


A pregnant woman with one or more previous pregnancies.

Multigravida

multi- = many

-gravida = pregnancy

23

The branch of medicine that deals with the care of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the recuperative period following delivery.

Obstetrics

24

the operation of removing one or both ovaries; ovariectomy.

Oophorectomy

oophor/o = ovary

-ectomy = surgical removal

25


Of or occurring in the period shortly after childbirth.

Postpartum

post = after

-partum = childbirth

26


A woman in her first pregnancy.

Primigravida

primi = first

-gravida = pregnancy

27


Surgical removal of the fallopian tube. Also called tubectomy.

Salpingectomy

salping/o = Fallopian tubes, uterine tubes

-ectomy = surgical removal

28

Pertaining to across or through the vagina

Transvaginal

trans- = across, through

vagin/o = vagina

-al = pertaining to

29

Penis inflammation

Balanitis

balan/o = glans penis

-itis = inflammation