Chap 14 & 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 14 & 16 Deck (34):
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Inflammation of the meninges
of the brain and the spinal cord, most often the result of a bacterial or viral infection and characterized by fever, vomiting, intense headache, and stiff neck.

meningitis

mening/o = meninges

-itis = inflammation

1

Without feeling.

Total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile sensibility, induced by disease, injury, acupuncture, or an anesthetic.

anesthesia

an- = without

-esthesia = feeling, sensation

2

Of or relating to tears.
Of, relating to, or constituting the glands that produce tears.

lacrimal

lacrim/o = tears

-al = pertaining to

3

Combining form for 'meninges'

mening/o

4

Combining form for 'water'

Hydr/o

5

Suffix meaning 'disease'

-pathy

6

Prefix meaning 'many'

multi- or poly-

7

Suffix meaning "drooping"

-ptosis

8

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

9

EEG

Electroencephalogram
Or
Electroencephalography

10

LP

Lumbar puncture

11

CNS

Central nervous system

12

IOL

Intraocular lens

13

Pertaining to brain & spinal cord

cerebrospinal

cerebro/ = cerebrum

spin/o = spine

14

Of or relating to a nerve or the nervous system.

neural

neur/o = nerve

-al = pertaining to

15

a physician specializing in neurology.

neurologist

neur/o = nerve

-logist = one who studies

16

the loss of a previously held ability to speak or understand spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain.

Without speech

aphasia

a- = without

-phasia = speech

17

a graphic record produced by an electroencephalograph. Abbreviation: EEG.

electroencephalogram

electr/o = electricity

encephal/o = brain

-gram = record

18

Sharp, severe paroxysmal pain extending along a nerve or group of nerves.
Nerve pain

neuralgia

neur/o = nerve

-algia = pain

19

An x-ray of the spinal cord after injection of air or a radiopaque substance into the subarachnoid space.

myelogram

myel/o = spinal cord

-gram = record

20

inability to speak or understand words because of a brain lesion.

Difficult speech

dysphasia

dys- = painful or difficult

-phasia = speech

21

Inflammation of the brain.

encephalitis

encephal/o = brain

-itis = inflammation

22


Inflammation of the spinal cord.

myelitis

myel/o = spinal cord

-itis = inflammation

23

inflammation of several nerves at the same time; multiple neuritis.

polyneuritis

poly- = many

neur/o = nerve

-itis = inflammation

24

Of or relating to tears.

Of, relating to, or constituting the glands that produce tears.

lacrimal

lacrim/o = tears

-al = pertaining to

25

located or occurring within or administered through the eye.

intraocular

intra- = within

ocul/o = eye

-ar = pertaining to

26


Of or affecting the pupil of the eye.

pupillary

pupill/o = pupil

-ary = pertaining to

27

Pertaining to sclera

The tough fibrous tunic forming the outer envelope of the eye and covering all of the eyeball except the cornea; the white of the eye.

scleral

scler/o = sclera

-al = pertaining to

28

plastic surgery of the eyelid,

used to remove epicanthic folds, sagging tissue, or wrinkles around the eyes or to repair injury to the eyelid.

blepharoplasty

blephar/o = eyelid

-plasty = surgical repair

29

Double vision
a pathological condition of vision in which a single object appears double (opposed to haplopia ).

diplopia

dipl/o = double

-opia = vision

30

a doctor of medicine specializing in ophthalmology.

ophthalmologist

ophthalm/o = eye

-logist = one who studies

31

Inflammation of the conjunctiva,

characterized by redness and often accompanied by a discharge.

conjunctivitis

conjunctiv/o = conjunctiva (protective mucous membrane in eye)

-itis = inflammation

32

an instrument for viewing the interior of the eye or examining the retina.

ophthalmoscope

ophthalm/o = eye

-scope = instrument to view

33


Measurement of eye pupil diameter.

coreometry

core/o = pupil

-metry = process of measuring