Chap 2, Body Cavities Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology, LOM > Chap 2, Body Cavities > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 2, Body Cavities Deck (8)
1

Cranial

Brain, pituitary gland.

2

Thoracic

Lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, aorta (large artery).

The thoracic cavity is divided into two smaller cavities: Pleural cavity, Mediastinum

3

Pleural cavity

Space between the folds of the pleura surrounding each lung. The pleura is a double-folded membrane that surrounds the lungs and protects them. If the pleura is inflamed (as in pleuritis, also called pleurisy), the pleural cavity may fill with fluid.

4

Mediastinum

Centrally located space outside of and between the lungs. It contains the heart, aorta, trachea, esophagus, thymus gland, bronchial tubes, and many lymph nodes.

5

Abdominal

The peritoneum is the double-folded membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs situated behind (retroperitoneal area) the abdominal cavity on either side of the backbone. Also contains the stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder. The diaphragm (a muscular wall) divides the abdominal and thoracic cavities.

6

Pelvic

Portions of the small and large intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, urethra, and ureters; uterus and vagina in the female.

7

Spinal

Nerves of the spinal cord.

8

Body cavities

A body cavity is a space within the body that contains internal organs (viscera).

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