Chap 4,5,6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 4,5,6 Deck (35):
1

Consciousness

a persons awareness of everything that is going on around them

2

Circadian Rhythm

sleep-wake cycle

3

N1 (Stage 1)

light sleep increase in theta wave activity

4

N2 (Stage 2)

sleep spindles and body starts to shut down

5

N3 (Stages 3 and 4)

first appearance of delta waves and the body is at its lowest level of functioning

6

REM Sleep

where most dreams occur and replaces N1-N3 and is light sleep. The body is in a state of paralysis matched with rapid eye movement

7

Sleepwalking

occurs in N3 sleep stage

8

Hypnosis

state of consciousness in which a person is susceptible to suggestion

9

Psychological Dependence

where the user believes he or she needs the drug to function

10

Physical Withdrawal

when the body needs to the drug to function

11

Stimulants

are drugs that increase activity of the nervous system

12

Depressants

slow down the nervous system

13

Hallucinogens

alters the brain interpretations of sensations

14

Learning

any permanent change in behavior brought by experience or practice

15

Classical Conditioning

one stimulus, through pairing come to produce a similar response

16

UCS

naturally occurring stimulus

17

UCR

involuntary unconditioned response

18

CR

involuntary and automatic behavior

19

CS

the trained reaction

20

Conditioned Taste Aversion

when an organism becomes sick after eating food and wont eat it due to its reaction

21

Reinforcement

process of strengthening a response with a pleasurable consequence

22

Primary Reinforcer

a stimulus that satisfies a basic natural drive

23

Secondary Reinforcer

only becomes reinforced when paired with a primary inforcer

24

Fixed Interval Schedule of Reinforcement

at least one correct response must be made within a set interval of time

25

Fixed Ratio Schedule of Reinforcement

a certain number of responses are given before reinforcement

26

Variable Ratio of Reinforcement

a varying number of responses are required before reinforcement

27

Observational Learning

learning through others watching them perform or model certain actions

28

Memory

can be defined as an active system that recieves information from the senses, organize and alter information, then retrieves it

29

3 Process of Memory

encoding storing and revival

30

Short term memory

information held while being conscious and used

31

Working memory

responsible for processing information in STM

32

Long Term Memory

is the system in which which memories are kept less or more permanently stored

33

State-Dependent Learning

occurs when physiological or psychological becomes encoded as retrieval cues for memories

34

Constructive Processing

the reconstruction of memory from bits and pieces of information that was stored away

35

Amnesia

where memory of the past is lost