chap 8 Flashcards Preview

Psychology quiz chap 1+2 > chap 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in chap 8 Deck (37):
1

memory

persistence of learning overtime through encoding, storage, and retrieval of information

2

recall

part of memory when a person must retrieve information learned earlier
ex. fill in blank test

3

recognition

part of memory when a person identifies items previously learned
ex. MC test

4

relearning

memory that assess the amount of time saved when learning material again

5

encoding

getting information into the brain

6

storage

retaining information that is put into brain

7

retrieval

getting information back out of brain

8

parallel processing

the processing of many things simultaneously.
see a bird but see: color, shape, vibration etc...

9

sensory memory

immediate very brief recording of sensory information
ex. word is on top left of page but dont try to remember it

10

short term memory

memory that holds a few items briefly

11

working memory

newer understanding of short term memory, active processing or incoming auditory and visual information

12

long term memory

relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of memory system, knowledge, skills, and experiences

13

explicit memory

memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and declare

14

effortful processing

encoding that requires attention and effort, such as studying

15

automatic processing

unconscious encoding of information such as space, time, and frequency and of well learned information

16

implicit memory

retention of learned skills or classiclaly conditioned associations indpendent of conscious recolection

17

iconic memory

momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli photographic or picture-image memory lasting no longer than a few seconds

18

echoic memory

momentary sensory memory of auditory information

19

chunking

organizing items into familiar, manageable units

20

mnemonics

memory aids ex. PEMDAS, ROY G BIV etc

21

spacing effect

distributed studying over a long period of time (weeks) yeilds better retention

22

testing effect

enhanced memory after practicing retrieving infomration rather than just reading it

23

shallow processing

encoding on a basic level based on the structure or appearance of words

24

deep processing

encoding based on meaning of words

25

semantic memory

explicit memory of facts and general knowledge

26

episodic memory

explicit memory of personally experienced events

27

hippocampus

neural center located in the limbic system

28

what does hippocampus do?

helps process explicit memories for storage

29

memory consolidation

neural storage of a long-term memory

30

flash-bulb memory

clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event

31

anterograde amnesia

inability to form new memories

32

retrograde amenesia

inablity to retrieve information from one's past

33

proactive interference

disruption of pior learning on the recall of new information

34

retroactive interference

disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of old information

35

misinformation effect

when misleading information has corrupted one's memory of an event

36

source amnesia

saying we heard something from somewhere or someone but we say we got it from the wrong source

37

deja vú

sense of I've experienced this before, comes from retrieval of an earlier experience