Chaper 9 Flashcards Preview

Communications > Chaper 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chaper 9 Deck (24):
1

Intercultural Communication

Interactions between people whose cultural perceptions and symbols systems differ enough to influence the communication event.

2

Stereotyping

Characterizing people or groups, often inaccurately.

3

Labeling

Using names to categorize individuals/groups.

4

Prejudice

Negative attitude toward a cultural group based on little or no experience.

5

Discrimination

The overt actions one takes to exclude, avoid, or distance oneself from other groups.

6

Chauvinism

People believe themselves to be superior to others.

7

Ethnocentricism

Form of cultural exclusion; the belief that one's own culture lies at the center of everything; it's better than any other culture superior culture; Ethno - race and Centrism - center of something

8

Social Identity Theory

People have multiple "selves" that correspond to their different group memberships.

9

Identity Negotiation Theory

The idea that our identities are the product of negotiating our self-identification with others' self-identification.

10

Cultural Relativism

The belief that people vary in their behaviors, feelings, traditions, and values depending on the cultures in which they live; and the fact that their beliefs are different from those of others doesn't make them any less or more valued.

11

Culturally Inclusive

Recognizing and respecting the differences of others.

12

Cultural Values

Gauges for determining right from wrong - they are behavioral guidelines.

13

Cultural Pluralism

When people maintain the practices and identities of their bounded-cultural affiliations within the larger culture.

14

Cultural Participation

The act of involving oneself in another culture.

15

Individualist

Value the goals, needs, and rights of the individual (America, Australia, Great Britain).

16

Collective

Value the goals, responsibilities, and obligations of the group (China, Japan, Latin America).

17

Power Distance

How people in a given culture deal with matters of status and hierarchy.

18

High Power-Distance

Accept power differences as part of society.

19

Low Power-Distance

Cultures find inequality troubling and believe everyone should be treated equally.

20

Uncertainty Avoidance

The extent to which the members of a culture feel threatened by ambiguous or unknown situations.

21

Masculine Cultures

Have clearly defined sex roles and exhibit/encourage "male" characteristics such as assertiveness, competitiveness, wealth, hierarchy, and ambition.

22

Feminine Cultures

Tend to be more nurturing, empathetic, and compassionate.

23

High-Context Cultures

Less detailed explanation than those in low-context cultures.

24

Low-Context Cultures

Meaning resides in the explicit code or message, that is, the message itself.