chappter 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chappter 16 Deck (19):
1

emphasizes child's active construction of knowledge and understanding, reflection and critical thinking

teacher provides support for students exploring their world and developing knowledge

today: opportunities and collaboration stresses

criticism: not enough discipline, too relativistic and vague

constructivist approach

2

structured, teacher centered/ controlled
criticisms: creates passive learners, few critical thinking challenges

direct instruction approach

3

education experts recommend

both direct and constructivist approach

4

why are adults present in adult educational settings?

literacy training, community development
university credit programs, on the job training
continuing professional edication

5

difficulty learning/understanding/ doing math

learning disability

6

inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, onset in childhood
cause unknown

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

7

stable sleep schedule
good diet
physical activity

ADHD
big 3 of health

8

sever, onset in first three years
no proof being caused by family socialization/ vaccines

Autism spectrum disorder

autistic disorder

9

mild impairments, obsessiveness features

Autism spectrum disorder

Asperger syndrome

10

severe impairment in ability to read and spell

dyslexia

11

educating children with disabilities

idea

12

written program tailored to child with disability

individualized education plan (IEP)

13

child with disability educated in setting similar to where other children educated

least restrictive (LRE)

14

educating child with special education needs in regular classroom

inclusion

15

activity is means to an end
often motivated by rewards and punishment

extrinsic

16

activity is an end In itself
self-determination and personal choices
personal responsibility for behavior encouraged

intrinsic

17

task-oriented
concerned with learning strategies

mastery orientation

18

one seems trapped by difficulty and attributes one's difficulty to a lac of ability

helpless orientation

19

achievement outcomes; winning matters

performance orientation