Chapte 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapte 13 Deck (25):
1

Action Therapy

Therapy in which the main goal is to change disordered or inappropriate behavior directly

2

Antianxiety Drugs

Drugs used to treat and calm anxiety reactions, typically minor tranquilizers

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Antidepressant Drugs

Drugs used to treat depression and anxiety

4

Antipsychotic Drugs

Drugs used to treat psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, and other bizarre behavior

5

Arbitrary Interference

Distortion of thinking in which a person draws a conclusion that is not based on any evidence

6

Aversion Therapy

Form of behavioral therapy in which an undesirable behavior is paired with an aversive stimulus to reduce the frequency of the behavior

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Behavior Therapies

Action therapies based on the principles of classical and operant conditioning and aimed at changing disordered behavior without concern for the original causes of such behavior

8

Cognitive Therapy

Therapy in which the focus is on helping clients recognize distortions in their thinking and replace distorted, unrealistic beliefs with more realistic, helpful thoughts

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Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Action therapy in which the goal is to help clients overcome problems by learning to think more rationally and logically

10

Eclectic

Approach to therapy that results from combining elements of several different approaches or techniques

11

Empathy

The ability of the therapist to understand the feelings of the client

12

Exposure Therapies

Behavioral techniques that expose individuals to anxiety-or fear- related stimuli, under carefully controlled conditions, to promote new learning

13

Flooding

Technique for treating phobias and other stress disorders in which the person is rapidly and intensely exposed to the fear-provoking situation or object and prevented from making the usual avoidance or escape response

14

Gestalt Therapy

Form of directive insight therapy in which the therapist helps clients to accept all parts of their feelings and subjective experiences, using leading questions and planned experiences as role-playing

15

Insight Therapies

Therapies in which the main goal is helping people to gain insight with respect to their behavior, thoughts, and feelings

16

Personalization

Distortion of thinking in which a person takes responsibility or blame for events that are unconnected to the person

17

Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)

Form of therapy for depression which incorporates multiple approaches and focuses on interpersonal problems

18

Person Centered Therapy

A nondirective insight therapy based on the work of Carl Rogers in which the client does all the talking and the therapist listens

19

Psychoanalysis

An insight therapy based on the theory of Freud, emphasizing the revealing of unconscious conflicts

20

Psychodynamic Therapy

A newer and more general term for therapies based on psychoanalysis, with an emphasis on transference, shorter treatment times, and a more direct therapeutic approach

21

Psychotherapy

Therapy for mental disorders in which a person with a problem talks with a psychological profession

22

Rational

Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)- Cognitive-behavioral therapy in which clients are directly challenged in their irrational beliefs and helped to restructure their thinking into more rational belief statements

23

Resistance

Occurring when a patient becomes reluctant to talk about a certain topic, by either changing the subject or becoming silent

24

Self Help Groups (Support Groups)

A group composed of people who have similar problems and who meet together without a therapist or counselor for the purpose of discussion, problem solving, and social emotional support

25

Transference

In psychoanalysis, the tendency for a patient or client to project positive or negative feelings for important people from the past onto the therapist