Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (146):
1

aden/o

gland (EX: ADENOpathy = gland disease)

2

carcin/o

cancer (EX: CARCINoma = cancerous tumor)

3

cardi/o

heart (EX: CARDIac = pertaining to the heart)

4

chem/o

chemical (EX: CHEMOtherapy = treatment with chemicals)

5

cis/o

to cut (EX: inCISion = process of cutting into)

6

dermat/o

skin (EX: DERMAtology = study of the skin)

7

enter/o

small intestine (EX: ENTERic = pertaining to the small intestine)

8

gastr/o

stomach (EX: GASTRic = pertaining to the stomach)

9

gynec/o

female (EX: GYNECOlogy = study of females)

10

hemat/o

blood (EX: HEMATic = pertaining to the blood)

11

hydr/o

water (EX: HYDROcele = protrusion of water [in the scrotum])

12

immun/o

immunity (EX: IMMUNOlogy = study of immunity)

13

laryng/o

voice box (EX: LARYNgeal = pertaining to the voice box)

14

nephr/o

kidney (EX: NEPHROmegaly = enlarged kidney)

15

neur/o

nerve (EX: NEURal = pertaining to a nerve)

16

opthalm/o

eye (EX: OPTHALMic = pertaining to the eye)

17

ot/o

ear (EX: OTic = pertaining to the ear)

18

path/o

disease (EX: PATHOlogy = study of disease)

19

pulmon/o

lung (EX: PULMONary = pertaining to the lungs)

20

rhin/o

nose (EX: RHINOplasty = surgical repair of the nose)

21

bilateral

to have two sides

22

a-

without, away from (aPHASIA = without speech)

23

an-

without (EX: anOXIA = without oxygen)

24

ante-

before, in front of (EX: antePARTUM = before birth)

25

anti-

against (EX: antiBIOtic = against life)

26

auto-

self (EX: autoGRAFT = a graft from one's own body)

27

brady-

slow (EX: bradyCARDIa = slow heartbeat)

28

contra-

against (EX: contraCEPTion = against conception)

29

de-

without (EX: dePIGMENTation = without pigment [having lost/losing pigment?])

30

dys-

painful, difficult, abnormal (EX: dysPNEa = difficulty breathing)

31

endo-

within, inner (EX: endoSCOPE = instrument to view within)

32

epi-

upon, over (EX: epiGASTRic = upon or over the stomach)

33

eso-

inward (EX: esoTROPIa = inward turning)

34

eu-

normal, good (EX: euPNEa = normal breathing)

35

ex-

external, outward (EX: exOSTOsis = condition of external bone)

36

exo-

outward (EX: exoTROPIa = outward turning)

37

extra-

outside of (EX: extraCORPoreal = outside of the body)

38

hetero-

different (EX: heteroGRAFT = graft [like a skin graft] from another species)

39

homo-

same (EX: homoGRAFT = graft [like a skin graft] from the same species)

40

hydro-

water

41

hyper-

over, above (EX: hyperTROPHY = overdevelopment)

42

hypo-

under, below (EX: hypoDERMic = under the skin)

43

in-

not; inward (EX: inFERTILity = not fertile; inHALATion = to breathe in)

44

inter-

among, between (EX: interVERTERBRal = between the vertebrae)

45

intra-

within, inside (EX: intraVENous = inside, within a vein)

46

macro-

large (EX: macrOTia = having large ears)

47

micro-

small (EX: micrOTia = having small ears)

48

myo-

to shut (EX: myOPia = to shut eyes/squint)

49

neo-

new (EX: neoNATAlogy = study of the newborn)

50

pan-

all (EX: pansinusitis = inflammation of all the sinuses)

51

para-

beside, near; abnormal; two like parts of a pair (EX: paranasal = beside the nose; paresthesia = abnormal sensation; paraplegia = paralysis of two like parts of a pair/the legs)

52

per-

through (EX: percutaneous = through the skin)

53

peri-

around (EX: pericardial = around the heart)

54

post-

after (EX: postpartum)

55

pre-

before, in front of (EX: preoperative = before a surgical operation)

56

pro-

before (EX: prolactin = before milk)

57

pseudo-

false (EX: pseudocyesis = false pregnancy)

58

retro-

backward, behind (EX: retroperitoneal = behind the peritoneum)

59

sub-

below, under (EX: subcutaneous = under, below the skin)

60

supra-

above (EX: suprapubic = above the pubic bone)

61

tachy-

rapid, fast (EX: tachycardia = fast heartbeat)

62

trans-

through, across (EX: transurethral = across the urethra)

63

ultra-

beyond, excess (EX: ultrasound = high-frequency sound waves)

64

un-

not (EX: unconscious)

65

bi-

two

66

hemi-

half

67

mono-

one

68

multi-

many

69

nulli-

none (EX: nulligravida = woman with no pregnancies)

70

poly-

many

71

primi-

first (EX: primigravida = first pregnancy)

72

quadri-

four

73

semi-

partial, half

74

tetra-

four

75

tri-

three

76

-algia

pain (EX: gastralgia = stomach pain)

77

-cele

hernia, protrusion (EX: cystocele = protrusion of the bladder)

78

-cyte

cell (EX: erythrocyte = red cell)

79

-dynia

pain (EX: cardiodynia = heart pain)

80

-ectasis

dilation (EX: bronchiectasis = dilated bronchi)

81

-gen

that which produces

82

-genesis

produces, generates

83

-genic

producing, produced by

84

-ia

state, condition (EX: bradycardia = condition of slow heart)

85

-iasis

abnormal condition (EX: lithiasis = abnormal condition of stones)

86

-iatry

medical treatment

87

-ism

state of (EX: hypothyroidism = state of low thyroid)

88

-itis

inflammation

89

-logist

one who studies

90

-logy

study of

91

-lysis

destruction

92

-lytic

destruction

93

-malacia

abnormal softening (EX: chondromalacia = abnormal cartilage softening)

94

-megaly

enlargement, large (EX: cardiomegaly = enlarged heart)

95

-oid

resembling

96

-osis

abnormal condition (EX: cyanosis = abnormal condition of being blue)

97

-oma

tumor, mass, swelling (EX: carcinoma = cancerous tumor)

98

-pathy

disease

99

-phobia

fear

100

-plasia

development, growth (EX: hyperplasia = excessive development)

101

-plasm

formation, development (EX: neoplasm = new formation)

102

-ptosis

drooping (EX: blepharoptosis = drooping eyelid)

103

-rrhage

excessive, abnormal flow (EX: hemorrhage = excessive bleeding)

104

-rrhagia

abnormal flow condition (EX: cystorrhagia = abnormal flow from the bladder)

105

-rrhea

discharge, flow (EX: rhinorrhea = discharge from the nose)

106

-rrhexis

rupture (EX: hysterorrhexis = ruptured uterus)

107

-sclerosis

hardening (EX: arteriosclerosis = hardening of an artery)

108

-stenosis

narrowing (EX: angiostenosis = narrowing of a vessel)

109

-therapy

treatment

110

-trophy

nourishment, development (EX: hypertrophy = excessive development)

111

-ule

small (EX: venule = small vein)

112

-ac

pertaining to

113

-al

pertaining to

114

-an

pertaining to

115

-ar

pertaining to

116

-ary

pertaining to

117

-atic

pertaining to

118

-eal

pertaining to

119

-iac

pertaining to

120

-ic

pertaining to

121

-ile

pertaining to

122

-ine

pertaining to

123

-ior

pertaining to

124

-nic

pertaining to

125

-ory

pertaining to

126

-ose

pertaining to

127

-ous

pertaining to

128

-tic

pertaining to

129

-centesis

puncture to withdraw fluid (EX: arthrocentesis = puncture to withdraw from a joint)

130

-ectomy

surgical removal

131

-ostomy

surgically create an opening (EX: colostomy = surgically create an opening for the colon [through the abdominal wall])

132

-otomy

cutting into (EX: thoractomy = cutting into the chest)

133

-pexy

surgical fixation (EX: nephropexy = surgical fixation of a kidney)

134

-plasty

surgical repair (EX: dermatoplasty = surgical repair of the skin)

135

-rrhaphy

suture (EX: myorrhaphy = suture together muscle)

136

-gram

record or picture

137

-graph

instrument for recording

138

-graphy

process of recording

139

-meter

instrument for measuring

140

-metry

process of measuring

141

-scope

instrument for viewing

142

-scopy

process of visually examining

143

carditis

inflammation of the heart

144

dystrophy

abnormal developement

145

abduction

1 : to seize and take away (as a person) by force
2 : to draw or spread away (as a limb or the fingers) from a position near or parallel to the median axis of the body or from the axis of a limb

146

adduction

: to draw (as a limb) toward or past the median axis of the body; also : to bring together (similar parts)