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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (26):
1

Violence

The use of physical force to cause pain, injury, death, or damage to property, destructiveness aimed at some targeted other

2

Social Problem

A social condition or pattern of behaviour that people believe warrants public concern and collective action to bring about change, because they systematically harm or disadvantage a significant number of people

3

Sociology

The academic and scholarly discipline that engages in systematic study of human society and social interactions

4

Society

A large number of individuals that share the same geographical territory and are subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations, the groups and organizations within

5

Discrimination

Actions or practices of dominant group members that have harmful impact on members of subordinate groups

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Dominant group

The group whose members are disproportionately at the top of the hierarchy, with max access to the society's power resources, ex. political office, ownership of the means of production

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Subordinate groups aka minority groups

Those whose members do not occupy such positions of power as the dominant group

8

Hate crime

Discrimination acted out in the form of violence, violence motivated by prejudice against people on the basis of racialized identity, ethnicity, religion, gender or sexual orientation

9

Verstehen

Understanding or insight, enables individuals to see the world as others see it and empathize with them, Weber

10

Sociological imagination

The ability to see the relationship between an individual's experiences and larger society in which they are contextualized, connecting the private troubles of individuals to public issues of a society, Mills

11

Public issues

Matters beyond a person's control that originate at the regional or national level, can be resolved only by collective action

12

Micro-level analysis

Small group relations and social interactions among individuals

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Macro-level analysis

Social processes occurring at the societal level, large scale organizations, major societal institutions, ex. government, politics, the economy

14

Theory

A set of logically related statements that attempt to describe, explain, and occasionally predict social events, explaining relationships between social concepts/phenomena, ex. ethnicity & unemployment, a framework for organizing our observations

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Perspective

An overall approach or viewpoint towards a subject

16

Social change

The alteration, modification or transformation of public policy, culture, or social institutions over time, has a short/medium/long term temporal dimension aka lasting effect

17

Micro-level solutions

Focus on how individuals operate within small groups to try to remedy a problem that affects them, their family/friends

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Primary groups

Small less specialized groups in which members engage face-to-face, emotion based interactions over an extended period of time, groups with which one routinely shares more personal experiences in life

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Mid-range solutions to problems

Focus on how secondary groups and formal organizations can assist individuals in overcoming issues, social problems best reduced by reaching one person at a time

20

Grassroots groups

Prganizations started by ordinary people who work in concert to deal with a perceived problem in their neighbourhood, city, province, territory or nation

21

Social movement

An organized group that acts collectively to promote or resist change through collective action

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Macro-level solutions to problems

Focus on how large scale social institutions may be persuaded to become involved in remedying social problems

23

Special-interest group

A political coalition composed of individuals or groups sharing a specific interest they wish to protect or advance with the help of the political system, aka pressure groups/lobbies

24

Collective behaviour

Voluntary, spontaneous, activity of a large number of people thats typically violates dominant group norms and values, ex. riots

25

Civil disobedience

Non-violent action that seeks to change a policy or law by refusing to comply with it, ex. boycotts, strikes

26

National social movements

Divided into reform, revolutionary, religious, alternative and resistance movements