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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (34):
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What does comparative anatomy study?

Bodies of more than one species

1

What does gross anatomy involve?

Things that can be seen with the naked eye

2

What does histology observe?

Tissues microscopically

3

What does histopathology study?

Tissues for signs of disease

4

What does cytology study?

Individual cells

5

What is ultra structure?

Fine detail of tissue

6

What is physiology?

The study of function

7

What is the inductive method?

Making numerous observations and drawing a generalization from them

8

What is a scientific fact?

Can be verified by a trained person

9

What is a law of nature?

A generalization about how matter behaves

10

What is a theory?

A statement derived from confirmed hypotheses

11

What does evolution mean?

The change in genetic composition in a population

12

What is natural selection?

The idea that some organisms have hereditary advantages

13

What are selection pressures in natural selection?

Climate and food and factors that can effect the likeliness to survive

14

What are adaptations in natural selections?

Features of an organism that have evolved

15

What does bipedalism mean?

Standing and waking on two legs

16

What is an organism?

A single, complete, individual

17

What is an organ system?

A group of organs with a collective function

18

What is an organ structure?

Composed of 2 or more tissue types that work together to carry out a specific function

19

What is a tissue?

A mass of similar cells that carries out a specific function

20

What are cells?

Smallest units of an organism that can carry out basic functions of life

21

What are organelles?

Structures within a cell that carry out functions

22

What are molecules?

2 or more atoms bonded together

23

What are the smallest particles of matter that have unique chemical
Identities?

Atoms

24

What is metabolism?

Sum of all internal chemical changes or breakdown reactions

25

What is homeostasis?

Ability to maintain stable internal conditions

26

What is dynamic equilibrium?

The internal state of the body

27

What is negative feedback?

Process in which the body senses a change and tries to reverse it

28

What is a molecule, cell, or organ that directly carries out a response to a stimulus?

Effector

29

What is endocrinology?

Study of hormones

30

What is neurophysiology?

Study of nervous system

31

What is comparative physiology?

Study of other animals

32

What is pathophysiology?

Mechanisms of disease

33

What suffix means the study of?

Ology