Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (34):
What does comparative anatomy study?
Bodies of more than one species
What does gross anatomy involve?
Things that can be seen with the naked eye
What does histology observe?
What does histopathology study?
Tissues for signs of disease
What does cytology study?
What is ultra structure?
Fine detail of tissue
What is physiology?
The study of function
What is the inductive method?
Making numerous observations and drawing a generalization from them
What is a scientific fact?
Can be verified by a trained person
What is a law of nature?
A generalization about how matter behaves
What is a theory?
A statement derived from confirmed hypotheses
What does evolution mean?
The change in genetic composition in a population
What is natural selection?
The idea that some organisms have hereditary advantages
What are selection pressures in natural selection?
Climate and food and factors that can effect the likeliness to survive
What are adaptations in natural selections?
Features of an organism that have evolved
What does bipedalism mean?
Standing and waking on two legs
What is an organism?
A single, complete, individual
What is an organ system?
A group of organs with a collective function
What is an organ structure?
Composed of 2 or more tissue types that work together to carry out a specific function
What is a tissue?
A mass of similar cells that carries out a specific function
What are cells?
Smallest units of an organism that can carry out basic functions of life
What are organelles?
Structures within a cell that carry out functions
What are molecules?
2 or more atoms bonded together
What are the smallest particles of matter that have unique chemical
What is metabolism?
Sum of all internal chemical changes or breakdown reactions
What is homeostasis?
Ability to maintain stable internal conditions
What is dynamic equilibrium?
The internal state of the body
What is negative feedback?
Process in which the body senses a change and tries to reverse it
What is a molecule, cell, or organ that directly carries out a response to a stimulus?
What is endocrinology?
Study of hormones
What is neurophysiology?
Study of nervous system
What is comparative physiology?
Study of other animals
What is pathophysiology?
Mechanisms of disease