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1

6 criteria when defining abnormal behavior

if behavior is..1. Unusual or rare
2. Socially deviant
3. based on faulty perceptions or interpretations of reality
4. facilitates distress or discomfort
5. self defeating or maladaptive
6. Dangerous

2

Psychological Disorder

Pattern of abnormal behavior that is associated with states of significat emotional distress such as anxiety or depression, or with impaired ability to function. 

3

How many Americans affected?

One in two (46%)

4

How many diagnosable disorders in a given year?

1 in 4

5

Medical model

perspective that views abnormal behavior patterns as symptoms of an underlying illness. Term mental disorder is derived from this model.

6

6 key points from Surgeon general's report issued in new millenium 

1. mental health reflects the complex interaction of brain and eviro2. treatments exist for most disorders and is often more effective when psycho and pharmo combined
3. Progress in developing effective prevention programs is slow because we do not know the cause of disorders.
4. Although 15% of American Adults receive some help many do not
5. Mental health problems best understood when considering the social and cultural contexts which they occur.
6. Mental health services need to be designed so that racial and ethnic minorites are considered. 

7

Schizophrenia

affects 1% of the population. Includes socially deviant or bizarre behavior, distrubed perceptions, maladaptive behavior. 

8

Trephination

The drilling of the skull to provide an outlet for spirits. 

9

Hippocrates

Believed illnesses of the body and mind were the result of natural causes. Health depended on humors or vital fluids. Phlegm, black bile, yellow bile, and blood. Inbalance in humors resulted in abnormal behavior. His theory foreshadowed medical model. Classified abnormal behaviors using three categories: melancholia- depression, mania-exceptional excitment, phrentis- schizo

10

Johann Weyer

took up cause of hippocrates and Galen by saying abnormal behavior casued by physical problems

11

Asylums

introduced in late 15th, 16th century thru Europe. 

12

Jean Baptiste Pussin & Phillip Pinel

Part of the Reform movement, in late 18th century. Said ppl who behave abnormally suffer from diseases and should be treated humanely. Started Moral therapy- based on belief that providing right environment could restore functioning. 

13

Ben Rush

Considered the father of American psychiatry. Thought madness caused by engorgemnt of blood vessels in brain and suggested bloodletting. His philly hospital became first in the US to admit patients for psych disorders. 

14

Dorthea Dix

Boston school teacher. Rallied for 32 mental hospitals to devote to treating disorders. 

15

Deinstitutionalization

policy in 1963 shifting the burden of care from state hospitals to community based treatment settings. 

16

Homless

one third of homless adults in US suffer from mental illness

17

Biological Perspective

Abnormal behavior is a mental illness that can be classified like a physical illness according to distiinct symptoms and causes. 

18

Wihlem Griesinger

argued that abnormal behavior was rooted in diseased of the brain

19

Emil Kraepelin

Two main groups of disorders: 1. Dementia Praecox- schizo
2. Manic Depression- bipolar
DP caused by chemical imbalances and Bipolar caused by abnormal metabolism.
Made major contribution to development of classification system of current diagnostic systems. 

20

General Paresis

A distrubed behacior associated with physical symptoms and psych impairment including personality and mood changes and with progressive deterioration of mem functioning. Caused by bacteria invading brain from advanced stage of syphilis. Gave support to the medical model in late 19th century.

21

Comorbidity 

Co occuring diagnoses 

22

Jean- Martin Charcot

Expiermented with hypnosis to treat hysteria- a condition with paralysis or numbness that cant be explained by physical cause. 

23

PsychoDynamic Model

First psychological perspective on abnormal behavior. Freud said the psych factors that give rise to hysteria must be unconcious processes. 

24

Joseph Breuer

Freud was influenced by him. Breuer used hypnosis to treat Anna O with hysteria. When anna talked about events with symptoms, it provided symptom relief (called it talking cure/ chimney sweeping) Breuer labeled this therapy as catharsis. 

25

Homosexuality abnormal until?

1973

26

Sociocultural Perspective 

Believe cause of abnormal behavior found in the failures of society. Focuse on relationship factors such as gender/race/lifestyle. 

27

Biopsychosocial Perspective

AKA interactionist model, interplay of bio, psycho, and sociocultural factors. 

28

4 objectives of science

1. Describe2. Explain
3. Predict
4. Control 

29

3 Principals in Ethics

1. Promote the dignity of the individual2. protect human welfare
3. preserve scientific integrity

30

Two major principles of ethic guidelines

1. Informed consent2. confidentiality