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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (17):
1

Behaviorism

The science of behavior that focuses on observable only

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Biopsychological Perspective

Perspective that attributes human and animal behavior to biological events occurring in the body, such as genetic influences, hormones, and the activity of the nervous system

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Cognitive Perspective

Modern perspective that focuses on memory, intelligence, perception, problem soling, and learning

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Correlation

Measure of the relationship between 2 variables

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Critical Thinking

Making reasoned judgements about claims

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Evolutionary Perspective

Perspective that focuses on the biological bases of universal mental characteristics that all humans share

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Functionalism

Early perspective in psychology associated with William James in which the focus of study is how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work, and play

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Gestalt Psychology

Early perspective in psychology focusing on perception and sensation, particularly the perception orf patterns and whole figures

9

Objective Introspection

Process of examine and measuring one's own thoughts and eventual activities

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Placebo Effect

Phenomenon in which the expectations of the participants in a study can influence their behavior

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Psychiatrist

Medical Doctor who has specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders

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Psychologist

A professional with an academic degree and specialized in truing in one or more areas of psychology

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Psychology

Scientific study of behavior and mental and mental process

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Random Assignment

Process of assigning subjects the experimental or control group randomly, so that each subject has an equal chances of being tin either group

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Sociocultural Perspective

Perspective that focuses on the relationship between social behavior and culture

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Structuralism

Early Perspective in psychology associated with William Wundt and Edward Titchner, in which the focus of study is the structure or basic elements of the mind

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Humanistic Perspective

The 'this force' in psychology that focuses on those aspects of personality that make people uniquely human, such as subjective feeling and freedom of choice