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1

Common Petroglyphs 

2

Cave painting from Lascaux 15,000-10,000 B.C

3

Freemont rock painting San Raphael Swell, southern Utah, 2000-1000 BC 

4

Ideograms 

5

Early Sumerian pictographic tablet, 3100 BC 

6

Cuneiform tablet, 2100 BC 

7

pictograph. This clay tablet demonstrates how the Sumerian symbols were abstracted over time 

8

Cuniform table

2039 BC
Sumerian.
Balanced silver account for a merchant. 

9

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11

Code of Hammurabi, 1750 BC First recorded instance of Laws 

12

Old Babylonian 1850 BC A chapter Epic of Gilgamesh. 

13

Old Babylonian 1850 BC in Akkadian. The world’s oldest cookbook, a collection of recipes for the royal palace or the temple. 

14

Ivory tablet of King Zet First Dynasty. 5000 year old tablet earliest known example of the Egyptian pictographs that evolved into hieroglyphics. 

15

The Rosetta Stone 107-196 BC 

16

 Details of the Rosetta Stone showing the name Ptolemy in heiroglyphics (top) and Greek word Ptolemaios (bottom). 

17

 Alphabet characters placed beside each hieroglyph in the cartouches of Ptolemy and Cleopatra demonstrate the approximate phonetic sounds deciphered by Champollion. 

18

Rebus

19

Egyptian scribe’s palette

showing the evolution of hieratic and demortic script. 

20

The First Illustrated Manuscripts 

Book of the Dead- popular funerary object containing the complex mythology about death and the afterlife. 

21

Detail from the Papyrus of Hunefer 1370 BCE Opening Mouth Ceremony. 

22

Papyrus of Ani 1420 BC Ani, a royal scribe and his wife Thuthu,

arrive for his final judgment. 

23

The Dispilio Tablet Neolithic lake settlement in Northern Greece 5260 BC 

24

Tablets of Tartaria Danube Script 5300-5000 BC 

25

Bone tags Abydos Eygptian 3400 BC 

26

Liangzhu relic. Neolithic site South of Shanghi 3000 BC 

27

Jiahun Symbols Neolithic site near the Yellow River 6600 BC