Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (76):
1

Splits body into Left and Right

Sagittal

2

Splits body anterior and posterior

Coronal

3

splits body superior to inferior

Axial

Transverse

4

splits body angularly at the axis of 2 planes

Oblique

5

Higher level

superior

6

lower level

inferior

7

toward the front

anterior

ventral

8

toward the back

posterior

dorsal

 

9

toward the middle

medial

10

toward the outer

lateral

11

toward the body

proximal

12

away from the body

distal

13

near the body surface

superficial

14

farther into the body away from the surface

deep

15

toward the head

cranial

cephalic

16

toward the feet

caudal

17

toward the nose

rostral

18

on the same side

ipsilateral

19

on the opposite side

contralateral

20

fleshy part of the hand at base of thumb

thenar

21

pertaining to palm of hand or flexor surface of wrist

sole of foot

volar

22

front or palm of hand

palmer

23

sole of the foot

plantar

24

abdomen

abdominal

25

forearm

antebrachial

26

front of elbow

antecubital

27

armpit

axillary

28

upper arm

brachial

29

lower posterior of leg

calf

30

wrist

carpal

31

head

cephalic

32

neck

cervical

33

ribs

costal

34

posterior surface of elbow

cubital

35

thigh, upper poortion of leg

femoral

36

side of trunk adjoining lumbar region

flank

37

buttock

gluteal

38

groin

inguinal

39

lower back

lumbar

40

back of head

occipital

41

eye

opthalmaic

42

upper chest/breast

pectoral

mammory

43

pelvis

pelvic

44

perineum

perineal

45

back of knee

popliteal

46

sacrum

sacral

47

sternum

sternal

48

chest

thoracic

49

naval

umbilical

50

spine

vertiebral

51

2.5cm below jungular notch

aortic arch

52

at L4-L5

aortic bifurcation

53

at T4-L5 sternal angle

carina

54

upper border of thyroid cartilage

carotid bifurcation

55

4 cm above transpyloric plane

celiac trunk

56

suprasellar cistern

circle of willis

57

upper margin of sacroilliac joint

common illiac vein bifurcation

58

T12 to L1-L2

conus medullaris

59

5th intercostal space

left midclavicular line

apex of heart

60

level of 2nd and 3rd costal cartilages behind sternum

base of heart

61

4 cm above bifurcation of abdominal aorta

inferior mesenteric artery

62

at L5

inverior vena cava

63

posterior to pancreatic neck

portal vein

64

anterior to L1, inferior to superior mesenteric artery

renal arteries

65

2 cm abov e transpyloric plane

superior mesenteric artery

66

thyroid cartilage

thyroid gland

67

midway between superior and inferior thyroid cartilage

vocal cords

68

dorsal body cavities

cranial

spinal

69

ventral body cavities

thoracic

abdominal

pelvic

 

70

image reconstruction from data obtained along any projection through the cube

multiplanar reformation

71

surface region of display 

pixel

72

3 D section of image

voxel

73

image reconstruction from data along an arbitrary curved projection

curved planar reformatoin

74

a ray from the camera viewpoint directed to stop at a paticular user defined threshold

shaded surface display

75

a ray from the cameras viewpoint is directed to stop at the voxel with the maximum signal intensity

maximum intensity projection

76

contributions of each voxel are summed along the course of the ray from the cameras viewpoint

volume rendering