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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (25):
1

Gender

psychological characteristics and social categories that human culture creates.

2

sex

inborn biological characteristics relatin to reproduction, such as sex chromosones or sex organs.

3

Doing Gender

you express your gender when you interact with other people, you also percieve other gender in these people, such as infant posed with football.

4

sexism

bias against people on the basis of their gender.

5

Feminism

principle that values women's experiences and ideas; also emphazies that women and men should be socially, economically, and legally equal.

6

hetersexism (sexual prejudice)

which refers to a bias against anyone who is not exclusively heterosexual.

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Ageism

bias based on chronological age.

8

Liberal Feminsim

emphasizes the goal of gender equality, giving women and men the same rights and oppertunities.

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Cultural Feminsim

Emphasizes the positives qualities that are presummed to be stronger in women than in men.

10

Radical Feminism

argues that the basic cause of women's oppression lies deep in the entire sex and gender system, rather than some superficial laws and policies.

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Similarities perspective

believe that men and women are generally similar in their intellectual and social skills.

12

social constructionism

individuals and cultures construct or inent their own versions of reality based on proir experiences, social interactions, and beliefs.

13

Essentialism

Argues that gender is a basic, unchangeable characteristic that resides within an individual. The essentialists emphasize that womenare more converned than men with caregiving because of their inborn bature, not because society currently assigns women the task of taking care of children.

14

White-privilege concept

white people have certain privilages based on their skin color.

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white-as-normative

being white is the normal standard in our cultural. Related to white privilege

16

U.S.-centered nationalism

accordding to the principle of US centered nationalism is that US is dominate over all other countries in the world which are believed to have lower status.

17

Intersectionality

Emphasizes that each person belings to multiple social groups based on categories such as ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, and social class.

18

Empathy

experience the same emotion that someone else is feeling.

19

Confunding variable

is any charateristic other than the central variable being studied, that is not equivalent under all conditions. this has the potential to influence the study's results. in studies that compare women and men, a CV is some variable other than gender that is different for the two groups of participants.

20

Researcher's expectancy

the biases that researchers bring to the study can influence the outcome. If researches expect the males to do better in math, they may somehow treats the males differently,

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Statistical Significance

means that the results are not likely to occur by chance alone.

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Practical significance

means that the results hae some meaningful and useful implications for the real world.

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Gender as a stimulus Variable

characteristic's of a person to which other people react. When psychs study gender, as a SV they might ask "do people act differently to individuals who are female than to individuals who are male

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Andocentrism

the male experience is treated as the norm.

25

Gender as a subject variable

or a characteristic within a person that influences the way she or he acts.