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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (17):
1

collective goods problem

a tangible or intangible good, created by the members of a group, that is available to all group members regardless of their individual contributions; participants can gain by lowering their own contribution to the collective good, yet if too many participants do so, the good cannot be provided.

2

dominance

a principle for solving collective goods problems by imposing solutions hierarchically

3

reciprocity

a response in kind to another's actions; a strategy of reciprocity uses positive forms of leverage to promise rewards and negative forms of leverage to threaten punishment

4

identity

a principle for solving collective goods problems by changing participants' preferences based on their shared sense of belonging to a community

5

issue areas

distinct spheres of international activity (such as global trade negotiations) within policy makers of various states face conflicts and sometimes achieve cooperation

6

conflict and cooperation

the types of actions that states take toward each other through time

7

international security

a subfield of international relations (IR) that focuses on questions of war and peace

8

international political economy (IPE)

the study of the politics of trade, monetary, and other economic relations among nations, and their connection to other transnational forces

9

state

an inhabited territorial entity controlled by a government that exercises sovereignty on its territory

10

international system

the set of relationships among the world's states, structured by certain rules and patterns of interaction

11

nation-states

states whose populations share a sense of national identity, usually including a language and culture

12

nonstate actors

actors other than state governments that operate either below the level of the state (that is, within states) or across state borders

13

IGOs

intergovernmental organization -- an organization (such as the UN and its agencies) whose members are state governments

14

NGOs

nongovernmental organization -- a transnational group or entity that interacts with states, multinational corporations (MNCs), other NGOs, and intergovernmental organization (IGOs)

15

globalization

the increasing integration of the world in terms of communication culture, and economics; may also refer to changing subjective experiences of space and time accompanying this process

16

summit meeting

a meeting between heads of state, often referring to leaders of great powers, as in the Cold War superpower summits between the US and the Soviet Union

17

proxy wars

wars in the global South--often civil wars--in which the US and the Soviet Union jockeyed for position by supplying and advising opposing factions