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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (58):
1

Two or more atoms combined

Molecule

2

Similar molecules together, structural and functional unit of life, does all the work

Cell

3

Cells together that do similar jobs

Tissue

4

Tissue together functioning in a similar way

Organs

5

A lot of organs working together

Organ system

6

Organ systems working together

Organism

7

Groups of organisms of the same species

Population

8

Populations together

Community

9

Living in nonliving parts in a given area

Ecosystem

10

Areas on earth where life can exist
Ex: land, sea, air

Biosphere

11

Smallest particle of an element that pertains to that element

Atom

12

Interacting components that create new, complex functions
Ex: NaCl

Emergent properties

13

The ability to do work

Energy

14

Sum of all chemical reactions in a cell

Metabolism

15

Metabolism has two parts __, which builds molecules, and __, which breaks things down

Anabolism
Catabolism

16

Make their own food

Producers (autotrophs)

17

Producer take sunlight to make glucose

Photosynthesis

18

Nutrition from another source

Consumers (heterotrophs)

19

Certain bacteria, fungi, worms, they decompose

Decomposer (heterotrophs)

20

Maintaining a constant internal environment

Homeostasis

21

Changes in an organism that gives it a better chance to survive and reproduce

Adaptations

22

Change of genetics in a species

Evolution

23

Explains the diversity and unity of life

Theory of evolution

24

Major driving force behind evolution – involves enhance reproductive success of certain individuals to inherited characteristics

Natural selection

25

Change in DNA sequence, they fuel natural selection

Mutations

26

Classification and naming of organisms

Taxonomy

27

Came up with classification, most adopted system – groups by certain characteristics

Carollus Linnaeus, the Linnaen System

28

The newer classification system, classified by DNA

Systematics

29

Category of classification

Taxons

30

Order of Taxons

Domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species

31

Three subsequences of domain

Archea, bacteria, eukarya

32

That subsequent of Domain that is Older bacteria

Archea

33

The subsequent of Domain that is Newer bacteria

Bacteria

34

The subsequent of domain that is everything else (us and mold)

Eukarya

35

Subsequences of kingdoms

Protista, fungi, plantae, animaila

36

The subsequence of kingdom that is everything else

Protista

37

The subsequence of kingdoms that is mushroom mold mildew

Fungi

38

The subsequence of kingdoms that is plant, sponge

Plantae

39

The subsequence of kingdom that is animal

Animalia

40

Two name naming system

Binomial nomenclature

41

How to write scientific name?

Genus name is first (capitalized) followed by species name (lowercase) with both names either underlined or italicized

42

Series of steps to answer a question

Scientific method

43

Scientific method

Observation, hypothesis, predictions and perform experiments, data collection, conclusion

44

Tentative statement, educated guess, no evidence

Hypothesis

45

__ reasoning is used when forming a hypothesis

Inductive

46

A hypothesis is __

Testable

47

Hypothesis that has a lot of evidence to support

Theory

48

Assume it's true because it is a theory that has so much evidence

Law

49

How to design to be reliable

Experimental design

50

There are three variables and experimental design __, __, and __

Independent, dependent, standardized

51

The __ the sample size the better the experimental design

Larger

52

Experimental, factor that you are changing

Independent variable

53

The thing you were measuring, a result of the independent variable

Dependent variable

54

Variable that is kept constant

Standardized variable

55

Has independent variable in it. (Shows test results)

Test groups

56

Has standardized variable (independent variable won't affect it)

Control group

57

Results collected in scientific method or __ and __

Measurable and objective

58

A hypothesis can be __ or __

Supported or rejected (disproven)