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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (38):
1

Social science of human behavior and society
-humans not animals
-behavior
-not alone

Sociology

2

What does sociology deal with?

How we organize
What institutions we have
Where our are locations in society

3

What does sociology do?

Teaches us to see how society influences our lives and the lives of others
-explains consequences of different social arrangements
-understand the influence of major changes on people

4

Behavior between two or more people that is given a meaning

Social interaction

5

Organize pattern of social relationships and institutions that together constitute a society

Social structure

6

Establish an organized system of social behavior with a particular and recognized purpose

Social institutions

7

The alteration of society over time

Social change

8

The ability to see social patterns that influence individual and group life

Social perspective

9

One of the first to write about the social perspective and his classic book the sociological imagination

Charles Wright Mills

10

The ability to see societal patterns influence the individuals as well as groups of individuals

Sociological imagination

11

What does the sociological imagination permit you to do?

Permits us to see that something is seemingly personal as how you look arises from a social contacts not just individual behavior

12

What two things does sociological imagination help distinguish between?

Troubles and issues

13

Privately felt problems that spring from events or feelings in a persons life

Troubles

14

Affect large numbers of people and have their origins in the institutional arrangements and history of society

Issues

15

Reverse the careful observation not just conjecture or opinion

Empirical

16

Refers to looking behind the facades of every day life unmasking tendency of sociology

Debunking

17

The variety of group experience is that result from a social structure of society

Diversity

18

-careful and systematic observations
-striving for objectivity by establishing a critical distance and Riggs emanation of results
-reasoning and logical analysis

Empirical discipline

19

What is society?

A group of people whose members interact reside in a definable area and share culture

20

Persons place in society
Some of social, societal, personal factors that influence our lives

Social location

21

18th 19 century Europe had an influence on the development of modern sociology

Enlightenment

22

System of thought that still grounded today and which scientific observation and description is considered the highest form of knowledge

Positivism

23

Wrote that public rituals have special purposes in society and describe this as societyis a subject to be studied separately from the sum of the individual to compose it
His work is the basis of functionalism and created the term social facts indicate those social patterns that are external individuals

Emile Durkheim

24

What is Durkheim's contribution?

Discovery of social basis of human behavior

25

Breakdown of social norms

Anomie

26

Explain how capitalism explains society

Karl Marx

27

And economic system of relationships among different classes including capitalists the proletariat The petty and the homeless

Capitalism

28

So I cannot mix as a basic organizing element of society and then I had three basic dimensions political economic and cultural he created a multi dimensional analysis of

Max Weber

29

Refers to the understanding social behavior from the point of you of those engaged in it

Vesterhen

30

Theoretical framework that center face-to-face social interaction

Macrosociology

31

What are the for theoretical traditions that center face-to-face social interaction?

Functionalism
conflict theory
symbolic interaction
feminist theory

32

Seated and intended goals of social behavior

Manifest functions

33

Neither stated our intended goals of social behavior

Latent functions

34

Interprets each part of society in terms of how it contributes to the stability of the whole (individual values) believes you are responsible for your own doings

Functionalism

35

Emphasizes the role of cord and power in society and the ability of some to influence and control others emphasizes strife and fiction

Conflict theory

36

And the sizes immediate social interaction as the place where society exists
- people behave based on what they believe not what is objectively true

Symbolic interaction

37

What is the criticism of conflict theory?

This regards independence of ideas and culture
Underestimates cohesion and consensus

38

What is the criticism of structural functionalism?

Emphasizes functions of the dysfunction is poverty is functional him and neglects negative implications of social order