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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (158):
1

Medical language made up mostly of words from ____ and ____

Greek and Latin

2

eponym

- to put your name on something
- Lou Gehrig's disease

3

acronym

- to make a name with the ends
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)

4

why greek and latin?

1. foundations of western medicine were in Greece and Rome
2. latin was the global language of the scientific revolution
3. dead languages don't change

5

antepenult

the basic of emphasis: usually falls on the third-to-last syllable

6

three main building blocks of the language of medicine:

root - foundation of subject of the term
suffix - ending that gives the essential meaning to the term
prefix - added to the beginning of a term when needed to further modify the root

7

arthr/o

joint, root

8

cardi/o

heart/root

9

gastr/o

stomach/root

10

hem/o

blood/root

11

hemat/o

blood/root

12

my/o

muscle/root

13

muscul/o

muscle/root

14

derm/o

skin/root

15

dermat/o

skin/root

16

cutane/o

skin/root

17

pneum/o

lung/root

18

pulmon/o

lung/root

19

gen

creation,cause

20

hydr

water

21

morpho

change

22

myco

fungus

23

necro

death

24

ortho

straight

25

patho

suffering, disease

26

phago

eat

27

plaso

formation

28

pyo

pus

29

sclero

hard

30

steno

narrowing

31

tropho

nourishment, development

32

xeno

foreign

33

xero

dry

34

-ac

pertaining to

35

-al

pertaining to

36

-ary

pertaining to

37

-eal

pertaining to

38

-ic

pertaining to

39

-ous

pertaining to

40

-tic

pertaining to

41

-ia

condition

42

-ism

condition

43

-ium

tissue, structure

44

-y

condition, procedure

45

diminutive

when added to a root, diminutive suffixes transform a term's meaning to a smaller version of the root

46

-icle

small

47

-ole

small

48

-ula

small

49

-ule

small

50

-iatrics

medical science

51

-iatry

medical science

52

-iatrist

specialist in medicine of

53

-ist

specialist

54

-logist

specialist in the study of

55

-logy

study of

56

- algia

pain

57

-dynia

pain

58

-cele

hernia

59

-emia

blood condition

60

-iasis

presence of

61

-itis

inflammation

62

-lysis

loosen, break down

63

-malacia

abnormal softening

64

-megaly

enlargement

65

-oid

resembling

66

-oma

tumor

67

-osis

condition

68

-pathy

disease

69

-penia

deficiency

70

-ptosis

drooping

71

-rrhage

excessive flow

72

-rrhagia

excessive flow

73

-rrhea

flow

74

-rrhexis

rupture

75

-spasm

involuntary contraction

76

test

procedure done to gain more information in order to diagnose a problem

77

treatment

process done after a diagnosis to fix a problem

78

-centesis

puncture

79

-gram

written record

80

-graph

instrument used to produce a record

81

-graphy

process of recording

82

-meter

instrument used to measure

83

- metry

process of measuring

84

-scope

instrument used to look

85

-scopy

process of looking

86

-desis

binding, fixation

87

-ectomy

removal

88

-pexy

surgical fixation

89

-plasty

reconstruction

90

- rrhaphy

suture

91

-stomy

creation of an opening

92

-tomy

incision

93

-a

-ae

94

-ax

-aces

95

-ex

-ices

96

-ix

-ices

97

-is

-es

98

-ma

-mata

99

-on

-a

100

-um

-a

101

-y

-ies

102

a-, an-

not

103

anti-

against

104

conta-

against

105

de-

down, away from

106

ante-, pre-

before

107

pro-

before, on behalf of

108

post-

after

109

brady-

slow

110

tachy-

fast

111

re-

again

112

ab-

away

113

ad-

towards

114

circum-

around

115

peri-

around

116

dia-

through

117

trans-

through

118

e-

out

119

ecto-

outside

120

exo-

outside

121

extra-

outside

122

ec-

out

123

ex-

out

124

en-

in, inside

125

endo-

in, inside

126

intra-

in, inside

127

epi-

upon

128

inter-

between

129

sub-

beneath

130

bi-

two

131

hemi-

half

132

semi-

half

133

hyper-

over

134

hypo

under

135

macro-

large

136

micro-

small

137

mono-

one

138

uni-

one

139

oligo-

few

140

pan-

all

141

poly-

many

142

con-

with, together

143

sym-

with, together

144

syn-

with, together

145

dys-

bad

146

eu-

good

147

difference between a root and a combining vowel form

cardi = root
cardio = combining form

148

use a combining vowel when:

1. to join a root to any suffix beginning with a constant (splenomegaly)
2. to join two roots together (hepatosplenomegaly)
3. to join two roots together, even when the second root begins with a vowel. (gastroenterology)

149

don't use a combining vowel when:

1. to combine a root to a suffix that begins with a vowel (hepatitis)

150

figure out a medical term by interpreting the:

1. suffix first
2. then the prefix (if present)
3. then the root or roots

151

arthritis

inflammation of the joint

152

cardiology

study of the heart

153

cardiopulmonary

pertaining to the heart and lungs

154

hyperplasia

overformation condition

155

pericardium

tissue around the heart

156

in what century did the scientific revolution begin?

16th and 18th

157

what is the function of a suffix?

describes something that the root is doing

158

-us plural is

-i