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1

Anatomy

Study of the structure of the body

2

Physiology

Deals with the processes/functions of living things

3

Systemic anatomy

Based on body systems studied in high school

4

Regional anatomy

Based on areas of the body
Studied in med school

5

Levels of organization

Atoms
Molecules
Organelles
Cells
Tissue
Organs
Body systems
Organisms

6

Atoms

Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Phosphorus
Sulfur

7

Cells

Basic form of life

8

Anatomical position

Palms forward
Standing straight
Limbs at sides

9

Head

Cephalic

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Neck

Cervical

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Chest

Thoracic

12

Abdomen

Abdominal

13

Pelvis

Pelvic

14

Thigh

Femoral

15

Leg

Crural

16

Ankle

Tarsal

17

Foot

Pedal

18

Arm

Brachial

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Forearm

Antibrachial

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Wrist

Carpal

21

Hand

Palmar

22

Above

Superior

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Below

Inferior

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Front

Anterior
Ventral

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Back

Posterior
Dorsal

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Towards surface

Superficial

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Away from

Deep

28

Away from midline

Lateral

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Towards midline

Medial

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Towards attachment

Proximal

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Away from attachment

Distal

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Sagital plane

Separates left and right

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Midsagital plane

Equal left and right

34

Traverse
Horizontal

Separates superior and inferior

35

Frontal
Coronal

Separates dorsal and ventral

36

Body cavities

Fluid filled space where organs develop and are stored

37

Ventral body cavities

Thoracic
Mediastinum
Diaphragm
Abdominal cavity
Pelvic cavity

38

Thoracic cavity

Lungs
Heart
Bronchial tree

39

Mediastinum

Trachea
Esophagus
Heart

40

Abdominal cavity

Stomach
Liver
Small intestine
Large intestine
Gall bladder

41

Pelvic cavity

Reproductive organs
Bladder
Rectum

42

Dorsal body cavities

Cranial cavity
Spinal cavity

43

Cranial cavity

Brain
Skull

44

Spinal cavity

Spinal cord
Vertebrae