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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (24):
1

What is psychology ?

Is the scientific study of mind and behaviour

2

What is mind ?

The private inner experience of perceptions, thoughts, memories, and feelings, an even-flowing stream of consciousness.

3

What is behavior?

observable actions, thie things we do by ourselves or with others

4

What are three scientific method to answer questions ?

What are the bases of perception, thought, memories and feeling?
How does the mind allows us to function effectively in the world ?
Why does the mind occasionally function so ineffectively in the world ?

5

What are the bases of perception, thought, memories and feeling?

Electrical/ chemical activities in our brains
fMRIs

6

How does the mind allows us to function effectively in the world?

If we want to understand how something works, we need to know what is it working for

7

Why does the mind occasionally function so ineffectively in the world?

Sometime we do precisely the thing that a wrong time

8

What is Nativism?

certain knowledge from immate or inborn (Plato)

9

What is philosophical empiricism ?

Mind is a blank state on which experience are written knowledge is acquired through experience

10

What is Monism?

Mind is what the brain does

11

What is Phrenology?

brains and minds are linked by size Bigger the brain the larger the mental ability mental abilities are localized in specific regions of the brains

12

Marie Jean Pierre Flourens

Surgically removed parts of the brain and actions/ movement changed

13

Broca

Damage to a specific part of the brain impaired mental function

14

Physiology?

the biological processes in human body

15

Helmholtz

Stimulus: sensory inputs from the environment
Reaction time: the amount of time to respond to stimulus after application

16

Wundt

Consciousness: a person' subjective experience of the world
Structuralism: analysis basic element that constitute the mind
Introspection: subjective experience of one's own experience

17

Titchener

Identified basic element of consciousness

18

James

Functionalism: mental abilities that are adaptive survive

19

Hall

As we develop we pass through stages which repeat evolutionary history

20

Charcot and Janet

Hysteria: loss of cognitive or motor function as a result of upsetting experience

21

Freud

unconscious: operates outside conscious awareness but influences thoughts. feelings and behavior

22

Psychoanalytic theory

role of unconscious mental processes in shaping feelings, thoughts, and behavior

23

Psychoanalysis

bring unconscious material into conscious awareness goal

24

Jung and Adler

Challenged Freud and ideas that conflict was related to related to early sexual experiences and unconscious sexual desires