Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (33):
What is the defintion of Psychology
The scientific study of mind and behaviour
What is the mind
Private inner experiences of perception thoughts, memories, feeling and streams of consciousness.
observable actions, the things we do by ourselves with others
What is nativism
knowledge is innate (you are born with it)
What is Philosophical empiricism
we are born with a blank slate
what is the N vs N debate ?
Nature vs Nurture
the mind and the body are different things
How does the mind and body react in dualism
it was belived that it was though the pineal gland
the mind does what the brain does
mind abilities and characteristic and localized in specific regions of the brain.
What did marie jean pierre flourens do ?
Surgically removed parts of the brain and observed actions/movements changed
What is broca?
This is was the way the people confirmed that the mind and the body are linked
- damage to a specific part of the brain led to impaired mental functions
What is physiology ?
study of biological process in the human body
sensory input from the enviroment
Define reaction time
amount of time to respond to the stumilus after application
a person's subjective experience of the world and mind
analysis of basic element that make up the mind
subjective observation of one's own experiences
What is the problem with introspection
science requires replicale observations
operates outside conscious awareness but influences thoughts, feelings and behavious
What is the psycholoanalytics theory ?
is the role the unconscious mental process play in shaping our feelings thoughts and behaviours.
undestanding human nature by emphazing the positive potential of humans
Tell the story of pavlovs and his dogs
observe their salvation and food, and classically condition them by ringing a bell @ the same
Tell the story of little albert
had the same idea of pavlov by conditioned to be scared of things white and fluffy
What is gestalt psychology
looking @ the whole rather than the sum of the parts
What ist eh broadbent
the brain has a capacity that ican hold at a time
how many pieces of information can your memory hold
What is the cognitive neuroscience
Understand the links between cognitive processes and brain activity.
what is evolutionary psychology ?
mind and behvaiour in terms of the adaptive value of abilites that are presented over time by natural selection
What is social psychology
causes an consequeucnes of sociality
What is cultural psychology
the study of how culture reflect and shape the psychology processes of their members
What is absolutism
the nole of culture; depression is depression no mattee where you go.