Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

Public Speaking > Chapter 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (34):
1

Communication

the process of acting on information

2

Human Communication

The process of making sense out of the world and sharing that sense with others by creating meaning through verbal messages.

3

Symbol

A word, sound, gesture, or visual image that represents a thought, concept, or experience.

4

Content dimension

The new information, ideas, or suggested actions that a communicator wishes to express; what is said.

5

Relationship Dimension

The aspect of a communication message that offers cues about the emotions, attitudes, and amount of power and control the speaker directs toward others; how something is said

6

Rule

A followable prescription that indicates what behavior is required or preferred and what behavior is prohibited in a specific situation.

7

Source

The originator of a thought or emotion who puts into a code that can be understood by a receiver

8

encoding

The process of translating ideas, feelings, and thoughts into a code.

9

decoding

The process of interpreting ideas, feelings , and thoughts that have been translated into a code

10

receiver

The person who decodes a message and attempts to make sense of what the source has encoded

11

message

written, spoken, and unspoken elements of communication to which people assign meaning.

12

Channel

The pathway through which messages are sent

13

noise

Interference either literal or psychological, that hinders the accurate encoding or decoding of a message

14

feedback

the response to a message

15

Context

The physical, historical, and psychological communication environment.

16

Human Communication as Action

Human communication is linear, with meaning sent or transferred from source to receiver

17

Human Communication as Interaction

Human communication occurs as the receiver of the message responds to the source through feedback. This interactive model views communication as a linear sequence of actions and reactions

18

Human Communication as Transaction

Human communication is simultaneously interactive. Meaning is created on the basis of mutual, concurrent sharing of ideas and feelings. This transactive model most accurately describes human communication

19

Communication competence

The ability to communicate successfully

20

Ethics

The beliefs, values, and moral principles by which we determine what is right or wrong.

21

Mediated Communication

Any communication that is carried out using some channel other than those used in face-to-face communication

22

Mass Communication

Communication accomplished through a mediated message that is sent to many people at the same time

23

Interpersonal Communication

Communication that occurs simultaneously between two people who attempt to mutually influence each other, usually for the purpose of managing

24

Impersonal Communication

Communication that treats people as objects or that responds only to their roles rather than to who they are as unique people

25

Small Group Communication

The transactive process of creating meaning among three to about fifteen people who share a common purpose, feel a sense of belonging to the group and exert influence on one another

26

Presentational Communication

Communication that occurs when a speaker addresses a gathering of people to inform, persuade, or entertain them.

27

rhetoric

the process of using symbols to influence or persuade others.

28

organizational communication

The study of human communication as it occurs within organizations

29

Health communication

The study of communication that has an effect n human health .

30

Intrapersonal communication

Communication that occurs within yourself, including your thoughts and emotions

31

Language

The system of symbols (words or vocabulary) structured by rules (grammar) that makes it possible for people to understand one another.

32

Nonverbal communication

Communication by means other than written or spoken language that creates meaning for someone

33

other-oriented

being focused on the needs and concerns of others while maintaining one's personal integrity

34

adapt

to adjust both what is communicated and how a message is communicated; to make choices about how best to formulate a message and respond to others to achieve your communication goals.