Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology: A Living Language Sixth Edition > Chapter 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (182):
1

What is the foundation of the word?

Word Root

2

What are at the beginning of the word?

Prefixes

3

What are at the end of the word?

Suffixes

4

These connect other words parts together?

Combining Vowel

5

Record of the heart

Cardi/o-gram

6

Around the heart

Peri-cardi-um

7

Heart muscle disease

Cardi/o-my/o-pathy

8

Foundation of a term
Gives the meaning of word
Often gives body system or part
May be an action

Word Root

9

Heart

Cardi

10

To cut

cis

11

Inflammation of bone joints

Oste/o-arthr-itis

12

Inflammation

-itis

13

Makes it possible to pronounce long terms
Usually an “o”
Combines two word parts either; between two Root words or between word Root and suffix

Combining Vowel/Form

14

Heart

Cardi/o

15

Joint

Arthr/o

16

Stomach

Gastr/o

17

Life

Bi/o

18

Cancer

Carcin/o

19

Chemical

Chem/o

20

Skin

Dermat/o

21

Small intestine

Enter/o

22

Female

Gynec/o

23

Blood

Hemat/o

24

Immunity

Immun/o

25

Voice Box

Laryng/o

26

Kidney

Nephr/o

27

Nerve

Neur/o

28

Eye

Ophthalm/o

29

Ear

ot/o

30

Disease

Path/o

31

Lung

Pulmon/o

32

Nose

Rhin/o

33

Added to the front of a term
Adds meaning such as; location of organs, number of parts, and time (frequency)

Prefixes

34

Below

Sub-

35

One

Mono-

36

After

Post-

37

Over, above

hyper-

38

Many

Multi-

39

Within

Intra-

40

Without, away from

a-

41

Without

an-

42

Against

anti-

43

Self

auto-

44

Slow

brady-

45

Without

de-

46

Painful

dys-

47

Within, inner

endo-

48

Upon, over

epi-

49

Normal, good

eu-

50

External, outward

ex-

51

Outside of

extra-

52

Different

hetero-

53

Same

homo-

54

Over, above

hyper-

55

Under, below

hypo-

56

Not, inward

in-

57

Among, between

inter-

58

Within, inside

intra-

59

Large

macro-

60

Small

micro-

61

New

neo-

62

Beside, near, abnormal, two like parts of a pair

para-

63

Through

per-

64

Around

peri-

65

After

post-

66

Before, in front of

pre-

67

Before

pro-

68

False

pseudo-

69

Again

re-

70

Backward, behind

retro-

71

Below, under

sub-

72

Fast

tachy-

73

Through, across

trans-

74

Beyond, excess

ultra-

75

Not

un-

76

Two

bi-

77

Half

hemi-

78

One

mono-

79

Many

multi-

80

None

nulli-

81

All

pan-

82

Many

poly-

83

Four

quadri-

84

Partial, half

semi-

85

Four

tetra-

86

Three

tri-

87

Attached to end of a term
Adds meaning such as; condition, disease and procedure

Suffixes

88

Pain

-algia

89

inflammation

-itis

90

surgical removal

-ectomy

91

Pain

-algia

92

Hernia, protrusion

-cele

93

Cell

-cyte

94

Pain

-dynia

95

Dilatation

-ectasis

96

That which produces

-gen

97

Producing, produced by

-genic

98

State, condition

-ia

99

Abnormal condition

-iasis

100

State of

-ism

101

One who studies

-logist

102

Study of

-logy

103

Destruction

-lytic

104

Abnormal softening

-malacia

105

Enlargement, large

-megaly

106

Tumor, mass

-oma

107

View of

-opsy

108

Abnormal condition

-osis

109

Disease

-pathy

110

Formation, development

-plasm

111

Paralysis

-plegia

112

Drooping

-ptosis

113

Excessive, abnormal flow

-rrhage

114

Abnormal flow condition

—rrhagia

115

Discharge, flow

-rrhea

116

Rupture

-rrhexis

117

Hardening

-sclerosis

118

Narrowing

-stenosis

119

Treatment

-therapy

120

Nourishment, development

-trophy

121

Suffix May be used to convert a word Root into a complete word
Translation of these suffixes is ; pertaining to
New word can then be used to modify another word

Adjective Suffixes

122

Ulcer in the stomach

Gastric Ulcer

Gastr/o=stomach
-ic = pertaining to
Gastric= pertaining to the stomach
Gastric Ulcer= Ulcer found in stomach

123

Pertaining to the stomach

Gastr-ic

124

Adjective Suffixes

-ac
-al
-an
-ar
-ary
-atic
-eal
-iac
-ic
-ile
-ine
-ior
-nic
-ory
-ose
-ous
-tic

125

Puncture to withdrawal fluid

-centesis

126

Surgical removal

-ectomy

127

Surgically create an opening

-ostomy

128

Surgical fixation

-pexy

129

Surgical repair

-plasty

130

Suture

-rrhaphy

131

Instrument to cut

-tome

132

Record or picture

-gram

Son/o-gram

133

Process of recording

-graphy

Radi/o-graphy

134

Instrument for measuring

-meter


Micro-meter

135

Process of measuring

-metry

Spectr/o-metry

136

Instrument for viewing

-scope

Micro-scope

137

Pertaining to visually examining

-scopic

Micro-scopic

138

Process of visually examining

-scopy

Micro-scopy

139

Below or under

hypo-

140

Pertaining to under the skin

hypo-derm-ic

141

Study of the stomach and small intestine

gastr/o-enter/o-logy

142

Inflammation around the heart

peri-card-itis

143

Moving away

Abduction

144

Moving towards

Adduction

145

small intestine

ileum

146

Hip bone

ilium

147

Mind

psy

148

Bad, abnormal, difficult or impaired

dys

149

Apart, away

dis

150

Vertebra singular

Vertebrae plural

151

Thorax singular

Thoraces plural

152

Appendix singular

Appendices plural

153

Metastasis singular

Metastases plural

154

Sarcoma singular

Sarcomata plural

155

Phalanx singular

Phalanges plural

156

Ganglion singular

Ganglia plural

157

Nucleus singular

Nuclei plural

158

Ovum singular

Ova plural

159

Biopsy singular

Biopsies plural

160

Word ends in -a

-ae plural

161

Word ends in -ax

-aces plural

162

Word ends in -ex or ix

-ices plural

163

Word ends in -is

-ases plural

164

Word ends in -ma

-mata plural

165

Word ends in -nx

-nges plural

166

Word ends in -on

-ia plural

167

Word ends in -us

-i plural

168

Word ends in -um

-a plural

169

Word ends in -y

-ies plural

170

Documents details of hospital stay
-patients day to day condition
-when and what services were provided
-response to treatment

Medical Record

171

A software program
Allows entry of patient information into a computer

EMR Electronic Medical Record

172

Elements of Medical Record

-History and Physical
-Physician’s orders
-Nurse’s notes
-Physician’s Progress Notes
-Consultation Reports
-Ancillary Reports
-Diagnostic Reports
-Informed Consent
-Operative Report
-Anesthesiologist’s Report
-Pathologist’s Report
-Discharge Summary

173

Provides services to diagnose and treat diseases for a short period of time

Acute Care/ General Hospitals

174

Provides care for specific type of disease

Specialty Care Hospital

ie- Psychiatric Hospital

175

Provides long term care for patients who need extra time to recover before going home

For persons who cannot care for themselves

Nursing Home / Long-Term Care Facility

176

For patients who do not need overnight care

Simple surgeries, therapy, diagnostic testing

Ambulatory Care Center / Surgical Center / Outpatient Clinic

177

Individual or group of doctors providing diagnostic and treatment services in an office setting

Physician’s Offices

178

Group of primary care physicians, specialists, and other healthcare professionals

Provides a wide range of services in a pre-paid system

HMO Health Maintenance Organization

179

Agencies that provide nursing, therapy, personal care, or housekeeping services in a patients home

Home Health Care

180

Provides physical and occupational therapy

Inpatient or outpatient

Rehabilitation Centers

181

Organized group of health workers that provide supportive treatment to terminally ill patients and their families

Hospice

182

Any information or record relating to a patient is privileged

Moral and legal responsibility to keep all information private

Proper authorization must be signed by patient before any information can be released

In 1996 federal regulation that started protecting records

HIPAA Health Insurance Portability And Accountability Act