Chapter 1: Adolescence as a social transition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1: Adolescence as a social transition Deck (22):
1

G. Stanley Hall's concept that adolescence is a turbulent time charged with conflict and mood swings

Storm and stress view

2

inventionist view

adolescence is a sociohistorical creation - especially legalization ensuring dependency of youth in 20th century (Mead)

3

Cohort effects

effects due to a person's date of birth, era, or generation, but not chronological age

4

Millennials

the generation born after 1980
1. ethnic diversity
2. connection to technology

5

stereotype

a generalization that reflects our impressions and beliefs about a broad group of people

6

Adolescent generalization gap

Adelson's concept of generalizations about adolescents based on information regarding a limited, often highly visible group of adolescents

7

positive qualities desired in youth

Competence, Confidence, Connection, Character, and Compassion

8

Social Policy

a national government's course of action designed to influence the welfare of its citizens

9

biological processes

physical changes in an individual's body

10

cognitive processes

changes in an individual's thinking and intelligence

11

Socioemotional processes

changes in an individual's personality, emotions, relationships with other people, and social contexts

12

adolescence

developmental period of transition from childhood to adulthood. 10/13-late teens

13

emerging adulthood

18-25, characterized by experimentation and exploration

14

continuity- discontinuity issue

debate over whether development involves gradual change (continuity) or distinct stages (discontinuity)

15

early-later experience issue

the degree to which early experiences or later experiences are the key determinants of development

16

Theory

an interrelated, coherent set of ideas that helps explain phenomena and make predictions

17

psychoanalytic theories

theories that describe development as primarily unconscious and heavily colored by emotion

18

social cognitive theory

the view that behavior, environment, and cognition are the key factors in development

19

eclectic theoretical orientation

an orientation that does not follow any one theoretical approach but rather selects from each theory whatever is considered the best in it

20

Experience Sampling Method (ESM)

paging participants at random times

21

ethnic gloss

use of an ethnic label such as African American or Latino in a superficial way that portrays an ethnic group as being more homogenous than it really is.

22

Theory of Recapitulation

each individual passes through stages that correspond to those that occurred during the history of mankind