Chapter 1 & 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 & 2 Deck (119):
0

Word root

The foundation of a medical term and contains its primary meaning.

1

skin

dermat
cutane

2

Kidney

nephr
ren

3

Mouth

stomat
or

4

Combining form

root word is combined with a vowel
usually o but sometimes a i
No meaning of it's own
enables 2 or more elements to be connected

5

erythr/o

red

6

gastr/o

stomach

7

hepat/o

liver

8

immun/o


immune, immunity, safe

9

nephr/o


kidney

10

oste/o


bone

11

Suffix

A word or element placed at the end of a word that changes the meaning of the word

12

-itis


inflammation

13

-megaly


enlargement

14

-oma


tumor

15

Prefix

A word or element attached to the beginning of a word or word root

16

an-


without
not

17

esthes


feeling

18

-ia


condition

19

hyper-


excessive
above normal

20

therm


heat

21

intra-


in
within

22

muscul


muscle

23

-ar


pertaining to

24

para-


near
beside
beyond

25

nas


nose

26

-al


pertaining to

27

poly

prefix
many
much

28

ur


urine

29

-ia


condition

30

pre-


before

31

nat


birth

32

Rules for building medical words

#1: A word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel
#2: A combining form links a suffix that begins with a consonant
#3: A combining form links one root to another to form a compound word.

33

What are the 3 steps to defining a medical word

#1: Define the suffix
#2: Define the prefix, word root, or combining form
#3: Define the middle of the word

34

Compound word

words that contain more than one word root

35

hemat


blood

36

-emesis


vomiting

37

arthr


joint

38

-itis


inflammation

39

-dynia


pain

40

-logy


study of

41

-centesis


surgical puncture

42

enter


intestine

43

arthr


joint

44

oste/o


bone

45

mening


meninges

46

suffixes that begin with a vowel are linked with a _______; suffixes that begin with a consonant are linked with a ________.

root; combining form

47

-centesis


surgical puncture

48

-clasis


to break; surgical fracture

49

-desis


binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)

50

-ectomy


excision, removal

51

-lysis


separation; destruction; loosening

52

-pexy


fixation (of an organ)

53

-plasty


surgical repair

54

-rrhaphy


suture

55

-stomy


forming an opening (mouth)

56

-tome


instrument to cut

57

-tomy


incision

58

-tripsy


crushing

59

-gram


record, writing

60

-graph


instrument for recording

61

-graphy


process of recording

62

-meter


instrument for measuring

63

-metry


act of measuring

64

-scope


instrument for examining

65

-scopy


visual examination

66

-algia


pain

67

-dynia


pain

68

-cele


hernia, swelling

69

-ectasis


dilation, expansion

70

-edema


swelling

71

-emia


blood condition

72

-gen


forming, producing, origin

73

-genesis


forming, producing, origin

74

-iasis


abnormal condition ( produced by something specified)

75

-itis


inflammation

76

-lith

stone, calculus

77

-malacia

softening

78

-megaly

enlargement

79

-oma

tumor

80

-osis

abnormal condition; increase ( used primarily with blood cells)

81

-pathy

disease

82

-penia

decrease, deficiency

83

-phagia

eating, swallowing

84

-phasia

speech

85

-phobia

fear

86

-plasia

formation, growth

87

-plegia

paralysis

88

-ptosis

prolapse, downward displacement

89

-rrhage

bursting forth (of)

90

-rrhagia

bursting forth (of)

91

-rrhea

discharge, flow

92

-rrhexis

rupture

93

-sclerosis

abnormal condition of hardening

94

-spasm

involuntary contraction, twitching

95

-stenosis

narrowing, stricture

96

-toxic

poison

97

-trophy

nourishment, development

98

-ac

adjective
pertaining to

99

-al

adjective
pertaining to

100

-ar

adjective
pertaining to

101

-ary

adjective
pertaining to

102

-eal

adjective
pertaining to

103

-ic

adjective
pertaining to

104

-ical

adjective
pertaining to
combination of -ic and -al

105

-ile

adjective
pertaining to

106

-ior

adjective
pertaining to

107

-ous

adjective
pertaining to

108

-tic

adjective
pertaining to

109

-esis

noun
condition

110

-ia

noun
condition

111

-ism

noun
condition

112

-iatry

noun
medicine; treatment

113

-ician

noun
specialist

114

-ist

noun
specialist

115

-y

noun
condition; process

116

-icle

diminutive
small, minute

117

-ole

diminutive
small, minute

118

-ule

diminutive
small, minute