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Flashcards in Chapter 1 & 2 Deck (47):
1

Synthesizing the approaches covered in the text:

rarely, if ever, happens and is a completely unrealistic goal.
can easily be accomplished after taking an introductory course.
is usually mastered by the end of the first year of one's graduate program.
often requires many years of study, training, and practical counseling experience.

often requires many years of study, training, and practical counseling experience

2

Which one of the following is not considered an experiential and relationship-oriented therapy?

Gestalt therapy
person-centered approach
existential approach
family systems therapy

family systems therapy

3

Which one of the following is not associated with the cognitive-behavioral action-oriented therapies?

cognitive therapy
existential therapy
reality therapy
behavior therapy
rational emotive behavior therapy

existential therapy
(hint: "feelings;" human existence [choice, freedom, etc.])

4

Which humanistic approach emphasizes the basic attitudes of the therapist as the core of the therapeutic process?

person-centered therapy
psychoanalytic therapy
cognitive-behavioral therapy
Adlerian therapy
family therapy

person-centered therapy

5

Presenting one model to which all trainees subscribe

is what the counseling profession endorses at present.
is likely to be a reality by the year 2020 when the CACREP standards are revisited.
is illegal in the Northeastern region of the U.S., but not in other parts of the country.
is dangerous in that it can limit their effectiveness in working with a diverse range of future clients.

is dangerous in that it can limit their effectiveness in working with a diverse range of future clients.

6

The author makes a case for:

initially getting an overview of the major theoretical orientations, and then delving more deeply into each approach.
the reader to choose the approach to which s/he subscribes.
learning the theories of counseling only after starting to work with clients in order to make the theories more relevant.
delving deeply into one approach initially and then taking a superficial look at other theoretical models.

initially getting an overview of the major theoretical orientations, and then delving more deeply into each approach.

7

Which of the following statements about theories or models of counseling/ psychotherapy is true?

Theoretical pluralism has been frowned on by several major professional organizations.
There is a clear place for theoretical pluralism in our society.
Accepting the validity of one model implies rejecting the validity of other models.
Extensive research has shown that certain popular models of psychotherapy are "wrong."

There is a clear place for theoretical pluralism in our society.

8

What type of factors oftentimes limit our freedom of choice?

social
biological
environmental
cultural
all of these

all of these (social, biological, environmental, cultural)

9

Which of these statements about interventions is true?

You should only use counseling interventions when you are certified or licensed.
It is helpful to use one type of intervention with most clients.
During the course of an individual's therapy, different interventions may be needed at different times.
It is best to require clients to adapt to your approach to counseling and the interventions that you are skilled at using.

During the course of an individual's therapy, different interventions may be needed at different times.

10

Which approach was developed during the 1940s as a nondirective reaction against psychoanalysis?

family systems therapy
cognitive therapy
Adlerian therapy
person-centered therapy
reality therapy

person-centered therapy

11

Francesca, a cognitive behavioral therapist, likes to give homework assignments to her clients. What might her rationale be for doing this?

She is probably a novice therapist who is insecure about her skills; thus, by assigning homework, she may feel like she is being more productive.
Homework can be a vehicle for assisting her clients in putting into action what they are learning in therapy.
By assigning homework to her clients, she establishes her clear authority over them (as if she is their teacher).
In order to be reimbursed by insurance companies, Francesca is required to give her clients homework assignments.

Homework can be a vehicle for assisting her clients in putting into action what they are learning in therapy.

12

Which of the following statements best describes the author's view of the medical model?

The medical model is especially relevant for culturally diverse client populations.
Corey appreciates the focus on psychopathology and believes it gives clinicians the tools to assess what's wrong with clients.
The medical model emphasizes strengths and competencies rather than psychopathology.
A focus on the medical model restricts therapeutic practice because it stresses deficits rather than strengths.

A focus on the medical model restricts therapeutic practice because it stresses deficits rather than strengths.

13

A comprehensive approach to counseling:

goes beyond focusing on our internal dynamics and addresses those environmental and systemic realities that influence us.
focuses primarily on the therapist's internal reactions to the client's behavior.
focuses only on systemic factors.
focuses almost exclusively on the client's internal dynamics.

goes beyond focusing on our internal dynamics and addresses those environmental and systemic realities that influence us.

14

Effective psychotherapy is a practice in which:

the client is in complete control of the direction of the therapy.
the therapist solves problems for clients.
the therapist is merely a skilled technician.
the client and therapist collaborate in co-constructing solutions to problems.

the client and therapist collaborate in co-constructing solutions to problems.

15

It is especially important for counselors who work with culturally diverse client populations to:

examine their own assumptions about cultural values.
have a broad base of counseling techniques that can be employed with flexibility.
consider the cultural context of their clients in determining what interventions are appropriate.
be aware of their own cultural heritage.
all of these

all of these (examine their own assumptions about cultural values; have a broad base of counseling techniques that can be employed with flexibility; consider the cultural context of their clients in determining what interventions are appropriate; be aware of their own cultural heritage)

16

According to the text, research shows that counselor values influence:

therapy goals.
assessment strategies.
treatment outcome.
all of these
none of these

All of these (therapy goals; assessment strategies; treatment outcome; none of these)

17

Clients place more value on ____than on ____

the therapist's theoretical orientation; the quality of the services being provided.
the personality of the therapist; the specific techniques used.
the specific techniques used; the personality of the therapist.
the aesthetics of the therapeutic setting; the personality of the therapist.

the personality of the therapist; the specific techniques used.

18

An authentic counselor is best described as:

being willing to be totally open and self-disclosing.
being a technical expert who is committed to objectivity.
being willing to shed stereotyped roles and being a real person.
having the highest regard for all clients.

being willing to shed stereotyped roles and being a real person.

19

In the text, all of the following are listed as characteristics of the counselor as a therapeutic person except:

counselors appreciate the influence of culture.
counselors feel alive and their choices are life-oriented.
counselors no longer have to cope with personal problems.
counselors have a sense of humor.
counselors make mistakes and they are willing to admit them.

counselors no longer have to cope with personal problems.

20

Which of the following statements about theories or models of counseling/ psychotherapy is true?

There is a clear place for theoretical pluralism in our society.
Theoretical pluralism has been frowned on by several major professional organizations.
Extensive research has shown that certain popular models of psychotherapy are "wrong."
Accepting the validity of one model implies rejecting the validity of other models.

There is a clear place for theoretical pluralism in our society.

21

Personal therapy for therapists can be instrumental in assisting them:

to work through their own personal conflicts.
to understand their own needs and motives for choosing to become professional helpers.
to gain an experiential sense of what it is like to be a client.
to heal their own psychological wounds.
all of these

all of these (to work through their own personal conflicts;
to understand their own needs and motives for choosing to become professional helpers; to gain an experiential sense of what it is like to be a client; to heal their own psychological wounds)

22

The author describes the characteristics of an effective counselor. By including this information in the chapter, he is hoping to convey the message that:

if you do not possess all of these characteristics, you are doomed to fail in the helping professions.
deficits in these qualities almost always require years of psychoanalysis.
you should develop your own concept of what personality traits you think are essential to strive for to promote your own personal growth.
those who possess all of these qualities can bypass the requirement to participate in clinical supervision.

you should develop your own concept of what personality traits you think are essential to strive for to promote your own personal growth.

23

During an initial session, an adolescent girl tells you that she is pregnant and is considering an abortion. Which of the following would be the most ethical and professional course for you to follow?

Encourage her to get the abortion as soon as possible, without exploring any other option.
Steer her toward having her baby and then consider adoption for her baby.
Help her to clarify the range of her choices in light of her own values.
Suggest that she go to church and pray about her situation.

Help her to clarify the range of her choices in light of her own values.

24

You are working with an ethnic minority client who is silent during the initial phase of counseling. This silence is probably best interpreted as:

a response consistent with his or her cultural context.
a manifestation of uncooperative behavior.
resistance.
a clear sign that counseling will not work.

a response consistent with his or her cultural context.

25

In working with culturally diverse clients, it helps to understand and assess:

the attitudes these clients have about seeking counseling for their personal problems.
the degree of acculturation that has taken place.
the messages they received from their culture about asking for professional help.
what these clients expect from counseling.
all of these

all of these (the attitudes these clients have about seeking counseling for their personal problems; the degree of acculturation that has taken place; the messages they received from their culture about asking for professional help; what these clients expect from counseling)

26

An undisciplined mixture of approaches can be an excuse for failing to develop a sound rationale for systematically adhering to certain concepts and to the techniques that are extensions of them.

True

27

An integrative perspective is not developed in a random fashion.

True

28

Since Corey challenges the deterministic notion that humans are the product of their early conditioning and, thus, are victims of their past, he believes that an exploration of the past is rarely useful.

False

29

Psychotherapy is a process of engagement between two people, both of whom are bound to change through the therapeutic venture.

True

30

Those practicing brief therapy are in business to change clients, to give them quick advice, and to solve their problems for them.

False

31

With respect to mastering the techniques of counseling and applying them appropriately and effectively, it is Corey's belief that you are your own very best technique.

True

32

Techniques can counteract a client-therapist relationship that is lacking in certain respects.

False

33

Much of effective therapy is the product of artistry.

True

34

Reality therapy applies the principles of learning to the resolution of specific behavioral problems.

False

35

Donald Meichenbaum is a prominent contributor to the development of cognitive behavior therapy.

True

36

Reality therapy is based on choice theory and focuses on the client assuming responsibility in the present.

True

37

An experiential approach is Gestalt therapy, which offers a range of experiments to help clients gain awareness of what they are experiencing in the here and now.

True

38

If we are inauthentic, it is unlikely that our clients will detect it.

False

39

Therapists should not admit their mistakes since that could diminish their clients' confidence in them.

False

40

Therapists need to be free of conflicts before they can counsel others.

False

41

It is not our function to persuade clients to accept or adopt our value system.

True

42

Your role as a counselor is to provide a safe and inviting context in which clients can explore the congruence between their values and their behavior.

True

43

If you try to figure out in advance how to proceed with a client, you may be depriving the client of the opportunity to become an active partner in her or his own therapy.

True

44

Counselors from all cultural groups must examine their expectations, attitudes, biases, and assumptions about the counseling process and about persons from diverse groups.

True

45

Practitioners must have had the same experiences as their clients in order to have empathy for them.

False

46

The skill of immediacy involves revealing what we are thinking or feeling in the here and now with the client.

True

47

Ideally, our self-care should mirror the care we provide for others.

True