Chapter 1: Basic Information Flashcards Preview

Kinesiology Lecture > Chapter 1: Basic Information > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1: Basic Information Deck (44):
1

Kinesiology

study of movement

2

Biomechanics

mechanical principles that relate to the human body

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Kinetics

forces that cause movement

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Kinematic

time, space and mass of a moving object

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Anatomical Position

head forward, feet together, arms at side and palms facing observer

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Medial/lateral

toward midline/away from midline

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Anterior/ posterior

toward front/toward the back

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Ventral/dorsal

- used with four legged animals
- ventral: towards the stomach
- Dorsal: towards the back

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Superior/inferior

toward the head/away from the head

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Distal/ proximal

- away from trunk/ closer to trunk
Ex: My sternum is proximal to my wrist

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Superficial/deep

surface/deep...not on surface

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Supine/prone

lying on back (up)/lying on stomach

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Bilateral /contralateral/ipsilateral

both sides (left and right sides)/opposite side/same side

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Upper extremity

Arm: shoulder to elbow
Forearm: elbow to wrist
Hand

15

Lower extremity

Thigh: hip to knee
Leg: knee to ankle
Foot

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Trunk

Thorax: (chest) made up of ribs, sternum, and thoracic vertebrae
Abdomen: pelvis, stomach, and lumbar vertebrae
Diaphragm separates the thorax and abdomen

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Neck

made up of cervical vertebrae

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Skull

Cranium

19

Types of motion

Linear motion, Rectilinear, Curvilinear, Angular Motion

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Linear Motion

occurs more or less in a straight line from one location to another

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Rectilinear Motion

occurs in a straight line (guy sledding on a hill)

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Curvilinear Motion

movement in a curved path (guy skiing down the hill; more reasonable and common)

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Angular Motion

movement of an object around a fixed point (most of the motion in our bodies)

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Flexion

angle decreases

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Extension

angle increases

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Hypertension

extension beyond normal

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Palmar Flexion

palm down

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Plantar Flexion

pushing on a gas peddle

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Dorsiflexion

movement of your toes up

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Abduction

movement of a body part away from the midline

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Adduction

movement of a body part toward the midline

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Horizontal abduction

backward shoulder movement

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Horizontal adduction

forward shoulder movement

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Lateral bending

?

35

Circumduction

is a combination of flexion, extension, adduction and abduction

36

Rotation

movement of a body part around its longitudinal axis

37

Medial rotation

rotating movement away from the midline

38

Spinal rotation

?

39

Supination

palms up, like holding a bowl of soup

40

Pronation

palms down

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Inversion

tilt the sole of the foot towards midline of the body

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Eversion

tilt the sole of the foot away from the median plane.

43

Protraction

- shoulder joint and the jaw
- body part in the anterior direction
- being drawn forward

44

Retraction

- a body part in the posterior direction,
- being drawn backwards