Chapter 1, Book 2, Vocab 1-2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1, Book 2, Vocab 1-2 Deck (21):
1

Organism

A living thing

2

Cell

The basic unit of structure and function in living things

3

Unicellular

Made of a single cell

4

Multicellular

Consisting of many cells

5

Metabolism

The combination of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials

6

Sexual Reproduction

A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine their genetic material to produce a new organism which differs from both parents

7

Stimulus

Any change or signal in the environment that can make an organism react in some way.

8

Response

An action or change in behavior that occurs as a result of stimulus

9

Development

The process of change that occurs during an organism's life to produce a more complex organism

10

asexual reproduction

A reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are genetically identical to the parent

11

Sexual reproduction

A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine their genetic material to produce a new organism which differs from both parents

12

Spontaneous generation

The mistaken idea that living things arise from non living sources

13

Controlled experiment

An experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a time

14

Autotroph

An organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use tit to produce its own food

15

Heterotroph

An organism that cannot make its own food and gets food by consuming other living things

16

Homeostasis

The condition in which an organism's internal environment is kept stable in spite of changes in the external environment

17

Classification

The process of grouping things based on their similarities

18

Taxonomy

The scientific study of how living things are classified

19

Genus

A classification or grouping that consists of a number of similar, closely related species

20

Binomial nomenclature

The classification system in which each organism is given a unique, two-part scientific name indicating its genus and species

21

Species

A group of similar organisms that can mate with each other and produce offspring that can also mate and reproduce