Flashcards in Chapter 1 - Choosing Fuels Deck (24):
What is a fuel?
A substance used to produce energy or power, usually by combustion
What is a renewable energy?
A source or fuel that can be replenished by natural means and can be manufactured faster than they are used by society.
Examples of renewable energy
Solar, Wind, Hydro
What is a non-renewable energy?
A source or fuel that cannot be replenished faster than they are used by society.
examples of non-renewable energy
Coal, Petroleum, Natural Gas
How is bioethanol created?
By the fermentation of sugars found in plant and animal waste. These sugars include Molasses and Starch.
Pros/Cons of Bioethanol
-less pollutant emission as it is made from natural waste
-less energy is released relative to petrol and it is quite expensive
How is biodiesel created?
Fatty acids in products such as vegetable oils, animal fats and cooking oil undergo transesterification to produce biodiesel
Pros/Cons of Biodiesel
-Biodegradable less pollutant emissions like SO2
-High viscosity may cause it to 'gel' in cold climates thus not suitable
-crops take up space which could be used for food crops
How is Biogas created?
Biogas is a mixture of gases, mainly methane, that are produced by the anaerobic fermentation of animal and plant waste.
Pros/Cons of biogas
-Can be produced on a large scale
-can generate many types of energy
-low energy released
What is kinetic energy?
Energy associated with movement, in doing work.
What is potential energy?
Energy that is stored, ready to do work.
What is energy?
Energy is defined as the ability to do work. It is measured in the unit "joules".
What is a thermochemical equation?
A chemical equation that also shows the quantity of heat energy given out or absorbed when a mole of a substance is burned.
What is the Law of Conservation of Energy?
Energy is neither created or destroyed but transferred into other forms
What affect does many transfers of energy have?
Although quantity of energy can stay the same the quality becomes worse. Some energy is lost as heat etc.
What is energy efficiency?
How efficient a substance is refers to how much of it can actually be transferred into a new form of energy.
Energy Efficiency formula
(energy obtained/energy that was available) x 100
Pros/Cons of oil
-wide range of uses
Pros/Cons of coal
-source of revenue for AUS
Pros/Cons of Natural gas
What fuel has the highest heat content per gram?