Chapter 1: History, Theory, and Research Strategies Flashcards Preview

PSYC 3300: Development > Chapter 1: History, Theory, and Research Strategies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1: History, Theory, and Research Strategies Deck (13):
1

Continuous Development

additive and gradual

2

Discontinuous Development

series of distinct stages

3

Emergence Adulthood

prolonged transition into adult roles

4

Stability

development is not open to change in response to influential experiences

5

Plasticity

development is open to change in response to influential experiences

6

Psychosexual Theory (Freud)
[part of psychoanalytic perspective]

-behaviour is controlled by powerful unconscious urges
-conflict between id, ego, superego
-balance=healthy personality

7

Psychosocial Theory (Erickson expanded on Freud)
[part of psychoanalytic perspective]

-more emphasis on social motivation
personality continues to develop throughout life
-must resolve crises at each stage

8

Behaviourism

directly observable events - responses
Ex: classical conditioning + operant conditioning

9

Applied Behaviour Analysis

observations of behaviour and environmental events followed by changes in those events based on procedures of conditioning and modeling. Goal is to shape responses.

10

Cognitive-Developmental Theory (Piaget)

children actively acquire knowledge as they manipulate and explore their world

11

Information Processing Perspective

the human mind viewed as a symbol-manipulating system which information flows

12

Sociocultural Theory

how culture is transmitted to the next generation. interaction is crucial to development

13

Ecological Systems Theory

child develops within a complex system of relationships affected by multiple levels of the surrounding environment