Chapter 1: Intro Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1: Intro Deck (28):
1

Biology

The scientific study of life

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Science

An approach to understanding the natural world based on Inquiry.

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Two types of Scientific approaches

Discovery and Hypothesis driven

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Discovery Science

Describing nature

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Hypothesis Driven Science

Explaining nature

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Data

Recorded observations

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Scientific Method

Observations, Question, Hypothesis, Prediction, Experiment

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Hypothesis

A tentative answer to a question

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7 Properties of Life

Order, Regulation, Growth & Development, Energy Processing, Response to Environment, Reproduction, Evolution.

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Theory

Broad hypothesis and supported by abundant evidence

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Species

Group of organisms that live at the same time and place and have the ability to interbreed.

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Taxonomy

Name and Classify Species.

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Three Domains of Life

Domain Bacteria, Domain Archaea, Domain Eukarya.

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4 Kingdoms of Eukarya

Plantae, Fungi, Animalia, Protists

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Prokaryotic Cells

Small & Simple cells (No nucleus)

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Eukaryotes

Large and complex cells.

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Fives Themes of Biology

Evolution, Structure/ Function, Information Flow, Energy Transformations, Interconnecting within systems.

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Evolution

Evolution by natural selection

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Structure/Function

Structure of an object (Molecule/ Body part), Provides insight to its function.

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Information Flow

Info stored in DNA is transmitted and expressed.

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Energy Transformation

All biological systems depend on obtaining, converting, and releasing energy and matter.

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Interconnection within systems

All biological systems depend on interactions.

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Artifical Selection

The purposeful breeding of domesticated plants and animals by humans.

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Selection

Unequal reproductive success.

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Four building blocks of DNA

AT,CG

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Genome

Entire set of genetic information

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Genomics

Studies whole genomes

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Biosphere

Contains all the environments on earth that support life.