Chapter 1 Introduction to Radiography, Safety, and Student Success Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Introduction to Radiography, Safety, and Student Success Deck (26):
1

Who is credited with the discovery of x-rays and when?

-Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
-November 9, 1895

2

Who discovered fluoroscopy and when?

-Thomas Edison
-1896
-Vitascope (first fluoroscope)

3

Who was the first known American fatality from radiation exposure?

Clarence Dally

4

Who discovered radium?

Marie Curie

5

What does ALARA stand for?

As Low As Reasonably Achievable

6

What type of tube was used when x-rays were discovered?

Crookes tube

7

Why was the letter "X" used to name x-rays?

Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen named it "X"-ray since the mathematical symbol for the unknown is "X"

8

What law describes the relationship between intensity of the beam and distance from the source?

Inverse Square Law

9

Which of the following are modern day advances that came from x-ray?

SPECT, PET, Ultrasound, Mammography, and CT

10

What were the early uses of x-ray?

Hair removal, Cocktail parties, Souvenirs, Spiritual connections

11

What is better for patient protection, collimation, or cropping of the digital image?

Collimation

12

Radiology students younger than 18

0.1 rem/1 mSv

13

General public

0.5 rem/5 mSv

14

Occupational workers

5 rem/50 mSv

15

Pregnant workers

-0.5 rem/5 mSv (in 9 month period)
-0.05 rem/0.5 mSv (in any given month)

16

What is the minimum thickness used for lead aprons, gloves, and thyroid shields?

0.25 mm Pb

17

What are the two categories of effects that can happen from exposure to ionizing radiation?

-Long-term effects
-ARS (Acute Radiation Syndrome)

18

Which of the following relates to the persons who are exposed to irradiation?

Somatic effects

19

What is the definition of CR?

center or midpoint of x-ray beam

20

For a left lateral decubitus, the patient is:

Lying on their left side, the CR is horizontal

21

Name four elements to consider for student success?

-Educational
-Emotional
-Physical
-Financial wellness


22

Why is it important to inform your family and friends about the demands of the radiology program?

Without the understanding and support of your close circle of family and friends, it will be very challenging to be successful.

23

Why should one practice stress reduction activities?

The ability to positively control stress by taking an action developed as a result of practicing stress reduction strategies will alleviate expending unnecessary emotions, time, and energy.

24

Define emotion

generalized feelings

25

When determine time management, which activities should be included?

Sleeping, eating, working, caring for children/family, performing school activities, errands, traveling to/from, conducting personal activities (personal hygiene, shopping, exercising), texting, gaming, chores, socializing

26

What is the purpose of the time management grid?

It will assist you in determining whether you have an adequate amount of time undertake and accomplish your day-to-day activities w/additional responsibility of being a successful full time student.