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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Orientation and Fire Service History Deck (101):
1

The majority (23,000) of fire organizations are....

Voulnteer

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1608. First recorded major fire in the New World.

Jamestown

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1678. First ever paid fire company.

Boston

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1647. First fire organization in America.

New Amsterdam. Surveyors of buildings.

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Philadelphia fire society formed in 1735. A year later they formed....................... with the guidance of .........................

Union Volunteer Fire Company. Benjamin Franklin.

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1700's. Fire protection was being driven by.

Advancements in technology.

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Further advancements in technology. Such as wood being replaced by iron and steel.

1900's Industrial Revolution.

8

Steel increased fire risk dues to.

Large numbers of people in tall buildings with combustible materials, interior finishes, and limited egress.

9

NFPA formed in.

1896

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First NFPA standard.

NFPA 13. regulation of the design and installation of fire protection sprinklers systems in structures.

11

Code that followed NFPA formation. Written in 1897.

National Electric Code.

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Required panic hardware on exit doors, and required they swing outwards. Regulations of combustible materials in a place of assembly.

Iroquois Theater Fire, Chicago 1903

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Fire resulted in the NFPA 101, Life Safety Code. Established requirements for means of egress.

Triangle Shirtwaist Fire. New York. 1911

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Led to stricter fire and life safety requirements for assembly type occupies.

Cocoanut Grove Nightclub Fire. Boston. 1942

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Resulted in the development of life safety standards to regulate the manufacture and use of tents for public occupancy.

Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus fire. Hartford, Connecticut 1944

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Brought attention to the need for improvements in design of school buildings, requirements for fire detection and alarm systems, and the need for enclosed stairwells. Also required schools to perform fire evacuation drills.

Our Lady of the Angles School Fire. Chicago 1958

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Local laws enacted to require all medium and high rise buildings to install sprinkler systems.

MGM grand fire. Las Vegas 1980

18

Changes made to NFPA standards for fire sprinkler and crowd management requirements for nightclubs and other assembly occupies.

Station Night Club Fire, West Warwick, Rhode Island, 2003

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Increased emphasis on structural collapse, confined space, and search and rescue training and equipment.

Murrah Building Bombing, OKC 1995

20

Forced the fire service to improve its ability to communicate with other agencies during major disasters, which is referred to as interoperability.

WTC and Pentagon attacks. 2001

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Obsolete term for resistance to fire.

Fire Proof

22

Emphasized the need for public fire and life safety education and prevention programs.

America Burning 1973

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National Fallen firefighter foundation, Everyone goes home.

16 firefighter life safety initiatives.

24

The Superfund amendments and re authorization Act of 1986 (SARA Title III) and OSHA 1910.120 regulate...

haz mat transport, transport vehicle design, and emergency responder training.

25

Community based programs have three steps.

Research, Education, and Implementation.

26

Trends of fire service change in the 20th century.

Fire prevention and public safety education, Firefighter Safety, EMS, Haz-mat, Terrorism, Natural disaster (all hazard) mitigation, Professionalization of the fire service. Community based fire protection.

27

Interoperabiltiy

Ability of two or more systems or components to exchange information and use the information that has been exchanged.

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Culture

The shared assumptions, beliefs, and values of a group or organization.

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Cultural Strengths

Integrity, Moral Character, Work Ethic, Pride, Courage, Loyalty, Respect, Compassion

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Integrity

Doing the right thing because it is right, not because it is required. Doing the right thing even when no one is watching.

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Moral Character

right and just behavior with a emphasis on trust.

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Work Ethic

valuing the virtues of hard work and thoroughness. Being prompt, reliable, and willing to take the initiative.

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Courage

ability to confront fear, pain, danger or uncertainty

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Authority having jurisdiction AHJ

Determines what services are needed to protect its citizens and establishes the fire service to meet those needs.

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Fire and emergency organizations can either be .....or.....

Public, Private

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Most communities in the US and Canada are protected by

Volunteer organizations

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Line Personel

Provide services to external customers.

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Staff Personel

Provide support to internal customers in areas such as finance, maintenance, and training.

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External Customers

Citizens of the service area protected by the organization.

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Internal Customers

Employees and membership of the organization.

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Company

Basic unit of fire fighting operations

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Multiple company's within a response area.

Battalion or district

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Engine Company

fire suppression at structures, vehicles, wild land, and other types of fires. Provide water supply and advance attack lines.

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Truck (Ladder) Company

Forcible entry, search and rescue, ventilation, salvage and overhaul, utilities, provide access to upper levels of a structure.

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Rescue/Squad Company

Search for and remove victims from areas of danger or entrapment and may perform technical rescues.

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Brush Company

Protect the wild land / urban interface

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Haz mat Company

Mitigate Haz mat incidents

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Emergency Medical / ambulance company

provide EMS and / or transport to patients

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Special rescue company

Perform technical rescues, including RIT

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Aircraft rescue and fire fighter company

Performs rescue and fire suppression involving aircraft accidents.

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NFPA 1001

Standard for Fire fighter professional qualifications

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NFPA 1582

Standard on Comprehensive Occupational Medical Program for Fire Departments

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Uniformed Personnel

have received basic training and may perform line and staff functions

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Nonuniform Personnel

civilians, not trained in hazards, do not participate in hazard mitigation.

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NFPA 472

Standard on competence of responders to hazardous materials/weapons of mass destruction incidents.

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Fire fighter I

fire suppression, search and rescue, extrication, ventilation, salvage and overhaul, EMS,

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Fire fighter II

Incident reports, extinguishing liquid fires, controlling flammable gas fires, cause and orgin, pre incident surveys, pub eds, fire hose testing, maintaining power equipment.

58

NFPA 1002

Standard for fire apparatus driver/operator professional qualifications.

59

NFPA 1003

Standard for Airport Fire fighter Professional Qualifications.

60

NFPA 1003

Standard for technical rescuer professional qualifications.

61

NFPA 1051

Standard on Wildland Fire fighter professional qualifications.

62

NFPA 1521

Standard for Fire Department Safety Officer

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Incident Command System (ICS)

Standardized approach to incident management that facilitates interaction between cooperating agencies, adaptable to incidents of any size or type.

64

NFPA 1021

Standard for fire officer professional qualifications.

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NFPA 1021 and 1037

Standard for professional qualifications for fire marshal.

66

Emergency Medical Responders (EMR's)

Provide immediate life saving care to critical patients while awaiting additional EMS assistance.

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Emergency Medical Technician

Provide basic emergency medical care and transport for critical and emergent patients. Treatment provided through basic medical equipment.

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Advanced Emergency Medical Tecnician

Provide basic and limited advanced emergency medical care and transport for critical and emergent patients.

69

Paramedics

Provide advanced emergency medical care for critical and emergent patients.

70

Fire Prevention officer / inspector

perform inspections, enforce building and fire code.

71

NFPA 1031

Standard for professional qualifications for fire inspector and plan examiner.

72

Plan Examiner

review architectural and fire protection system plans.

73

Fire and arson investigator

Uniformed personnel who investigate fires and explosions to determine their origin and cause.

74

NFPA 1033

Standard for professional qualifications for Fire Investigator

75

Fire and life safety educators

inform public about fire and life safety hazards, fire cause, and precautions or actions to take during a fire.

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NFPA 1035

Standard for professional qualifications for fire and life safety educator, public information officer, and juvenile fire setter intervention specialist.

77

Fire protection engineer/specialist

Check architectural and fire protection system plans for proposed buildings.

78

Staff functions

Fire dept health and safety officer, Telecommunicators, Fire alarm maintenance personnel, Apparatus and equipment maintenance personnel, Information system personnel, Clerical staff, Instructors, Training officer/chief of training.

79

Fire dept health and safety officer (HSO)

oversees the dept's occupatinal health and safety program

80

NFPA 1500

Standard for fire dept occupational safety and health program.

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NFPA 1521

Standard for fire dept safety officer

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Telecommunicators

receive emergency and non emergency calls, dispatch units, maintain communications with companies, complete incident reports.

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NFPA 1061

Standard for professional qualification for public safety telecommunicator.

84

Fire Alarm maintenance personnel

maintain municipal fire alarm systemsN

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NFPA 72

National fire alarm and signaling code

86

Apparatus and equipment maintenance personnel

maintain apparatus, vehicles, and equipment

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NFPA 1071

Standard on emergency vehicle technician professional qulaifications

88

Information systems personnel

manage electronic data bases used for fire reporting

89

Clerical Staff

Personnel who provide secretarial, administrative, and record keeping support.

90

NFPA 1041

Standard for fire service instructor professional qualifications

91

Organizational principles

Chain of command, Unity of command, Span of control, Division of labor.

92

Chain of command

formal line of authority, responsibly, and communication within the organization.

93

unity of command

each person reports to just one supervisor

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Span of control

3-7. 5 is optimum

95

Division of labor is necessary in the fire service becuase

assign responsibility, prevent duplication of effort, assign specific task.

96

Discipline

administered through rules, regulations, and policies that define acceptable performance and expected outcomes.

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Policy

Guide to decision making within an organization. Address things such as work hours, emergency response guidelines, and chain of command.

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Procedures

detailed written plans that list specific steps for approaching a problem or situation

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Standard

a set of principles, protocols, or procedures that is developed by committees through concensus

100

Code

a collection of rules and regulations that has been enacted by law in a particular jurisdiction

101

Public works assist the FD by providing

Heavy equipment for confined space rescue, Earth moving equipment, Flood control equipment, Sand for containing spills, Barriers and signs to divert traffic, Facility maintenance and repair, Civil/structural engineers.