Chapter 1 part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 part 2 Deck (20):
1

Maslow and Rogers

Humanism understanding human nature by emphasizing the positive potential of humans

2

Behaviorism

responses: action or physiological change brought on by stimulus
Allow for control and predictability of behavior

3

Birth of behaviorism

Watson and little Albert

4

Principle of reinforcement

Consequences of behavior determine like hood of occurrence

5

Free Will?

Responding to present and past patterns of reinforcement
Sense of choosing is an illusion

6

Criticisms of behaviorism

Ignored mental processes and evolutionary histories

7

Wertheimer

Illusions: errors of perception, memory, or judgement where subjective experiences differs from objective reality

8

Gestalt psychology

we perceive the whole rather than the sum of the parts

9

Bartlett and memory

remember what should/ expect to happen rather than what did happen
Memories are influenced by our knowledge, beliefs, hopes, aspirations and desires

10

Piaget and childhood development

looked at how errors changed over time

11

Lewin

Interpretation of stimulus that influences behavior
Modelled behavior using mathematics

12

Influence of computer

led to the development of cognitive psychology

13

Broadbent

Brain has limited capacity to handle incoming information

14

Miller

Can attend and hold in memory 7 pieces of information

15

Chomsky

language relies on mental/rules
language development w/o reinforcement

16

Behavioral neuroscience

links psychological process to activate the nervous system and other bodily processes

17

Cognitive neuroscience

Understand the links between cognitive processes and brain activity

18

Evolutionary psychology

Mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive value of abilities that are presented over time by natural selection

19

Social psychology

Causes and consequences of sociability
Brain (social organ), mind (social adaption), and individual (social creature)

20

Cultural psychology

Study of how cultures reflect and shape the psychological processes of their members
Absolutism: no role of culture, depression is depression no matter where you go
Relativism: variability across culture; context specific