Chapter 1 Review Cards Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Review Cards Deck (23):
1

plato-socrates believe about the mind that...

it's not a physical part of our body

2

knowledge results from memories of experiences

Rene Descartes

3

tabula rasa

John Locke

4

1st psychological laboratory

Wilhelm Wundt

5

Wundt's lab work

introspection.. create situations in lab

6

Wundt's research innovations

1st psych lab, 1st experiment

tested the measure and speed of molecules of the brain

7

introspection

process of reporting one's own conscious mental experiences

8

observation of personal sensation and feelings

introspection

9

Edward Tischner's research tools & methods

structuralism

by

introspection

Dr. program @ Cornell University

10

who developed functionalism

William James

11

Functionalism focused attention on

emphasizes how consciousness works and the ways consciousness helps people adapt to their environments

12

1st female president of American Psychological Association

Mary Whiton Calkins

13

evolution of psychological study from 1920s - 1960s

leaning more towards experimental psychology and a more medical approach

14

"the scientific study of observable behavior"

John B. Watson

15

study of the unconscious 

Freud

16

rejected idea of introspection

John B. Watson

17

cognitive neuroscience

how brain uses perception action memory language and selective attention

18

contemporary psychology

study behavior and mental processes

19

nature v nurture

longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors

20

inheritance of behavioral characteristics

B.F. Skinner

21

survival of organisms in a particular environment

adpative and hereditary.. based on natural selection

22

Charles Darwin - reproduction and environment

survival of the fittest and natural selection - those w/ greatest ability to survive will pass on the best genes

evolutionary psychology

23

what kind of specialist has a medical degree

psychiatrist