Chapter 1 - Sexuality in Perspective Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 - Sexuality in Perspective Deck (45):
1

When watching the Nikki Minaj music video, what are some critical thinking questions?

1. What are the intended messages

2. What are the hidden messages

3. What does this example tell us about men/women

4. Does this influence society? If so, how?

2

Does the state show up in the bedroom still?

Yes a lot, such as gay marriage

3

Is Hugh Hefners contribution to exposing sex in culture made us more willing to talk about sex?

Teacher thinks its interesting. But he was quite the activist.

4

Define sex

 

define gender

Our biological femaleness, maleness, intersexed or transgenderedness

 

Gender is the psychological and sociocultural characteristcis associated with our sex

5

Define sexuality

Physical, emotional, spiritual, psychological, and social manifestations of sexual desire, orientation, and experience

6

What is healthy sexuality, as opposed to just sexuality

It is the achievement and maintenance of sexual functioning that is pleasurable, non-coercive, and non exploitive across all dimensions of sexuality

7

World Health Organization definition of sexual health

It is the integration of the phsycial, emotional, intellectual and social aspsets of sexual being, in ways... read them later

8

What are the attitudes about the purpose of sex?

Procreational (intending to reproduce)

Relational (natural part of intimate partnerships)

Recreational

9

What is the primary purpose of sex is reproduction?

To procreate

10

What are the 4 attitudes of procreation?

1. That primary purpose of sex is reproduction

2. Acceptance of sex within the confines of marriage

3. Assumption of opposite gender orientation and behaviour

4. Disapprove of non-procreational sex such as same gender, pre marital etc

11

What are the 3 attitudes about relational

1. Sex is natural component of intimate partnered relationships

2. Acceptance of sex within confines of a committed relationship

3. Value monogamy and disapprove of sexual activity outside the primary relationship

12

What are the 3 determinants of human sexuality?

1. Contexts

2. Conditions

3. Situations

 

that influence the development and experience of sexuality among groups of people

13

What are the biological determinants of human sexuality?

Genes

Prenatal development

brain factors

Hormones

sexual organs and response system

14

What are the 4 environmental determinants of human sexuality?

1. Personal History

2. Education

3. Experience

4. Family and peer group

15

What are 5 psychological determinants of human sexuality?

1. Conditioning

2. Interactions

3. Learning

4. Emotions

5. Fetishes and compusions

16

What are 5 cultural determinants of human sexuality?

1. Beliefs

2. Values

3. Norms

4. Attitudes

5. Genders

17

What are 3 societal determinants of human sexuality?

1. Media

2. Relgion

3. Look at slide 15

18

What are 4 historical determinants of human sexuality?

1. Beliefs

2. Values

3. Norms

4. Attitudes and behaviours that shape current ideas and practices

19

In the face study from Scotland, what did they find for feminine and masculine faces?

They found men found more feminine faces more attractive, and most women found masculine faces more attractive

20

What are the 3 major ways media influecnes sexual behaviour?

1. cultivation

2. agenda-setting

3. social learning

21

How does ethnocentrism influence cross-cultural sexuality?

Ethnocentrism influences our understanding of human sexual behaviour

 

No society has seen fit to leave sexuality totally unregulated, but many different norms exist 

 

 

22

What are 5 sexual techniques?

1. Frequency

2. Marriage

3. Body Changes

4. Orgasm

5. Positions

23

In 1994, Jocelyn Elders (US Surgeon General) said what?

THat masturabation was healthy, but she was forced to resign

24

What was masturbation restriction like in the Victorian Era?

Electric shock, chastity belts, etc as ways to prevent it.

25

We've seen same-sex behaviour where?

History, cultures, places, everywhere!

26

Is the homo identity new?

Yup, it formed out of resistance to persecution

27

Is sexual signaling found in other species?

Yes

28

Is human sexual behaviour more "brain" controlled or "instinctively" controlled?

The higher the species the more "brain" controlled the sexual behaviour is, therefore Humans are more "brain" controlled

29

what 4 things are non-sexual uses of sexual behaviour

1. Dominance (dog humping for ex)

2. Aggression

3. Control/power

4. Economics

30

Sometimes sex is defined as orgasm, or penile-vagina intercourse, etc. What does this book say sexual behaviour is defined as?

Behaviour that produces arousal and increases the chance of orgasm

31

What are 6 very important early sex researchers?

Sigmund Freud

Henry Havelock Ellis

Clelia Mosher (Victoria women sex)

Richard Von Krafft-Ebing (pathological sexuality)

Magnus Hirschfeld (sex surveys and gay studies)

Alfred Kinsey

32

What did Henry Havelock Ellis study?

He studied psychology of sex and believed that women, like men, are sexual creatures! Sex is normal he said

33

What did Richard Von Krafft-Ebing contribute?

He studied pathological sexuality, and coined the concepts of sadism, masochism, pedophilia, and after translation the words Homosexual and heterosexual

34

Communications theorists believe that the media can have three types of influence. What are they?

1. Cultivation

Watching media and thinking that is what actually goes on in real life

2. Agenda Setting

News reporters selecting what to and to-not report

3. Social Learning

This is when we start to imitate characters on TV, such as Alton Brown or Judge Judy

35

Define Culture

Traditional ideas and values passed down generations within a group by transmitting via symbols (such as language) 

 

Wow, even after I edited that it is a really pretentious way to define culture...

36

What is Ethnocentrism?

This is the tendency for people to think their culture is superior to others, and that it is the standard for which others should be judged. Saudi is a good example

37

What are incest taboos?

Regulations prohibiting sexual interaction between close blood relatives, such sa brother and sister or father and daughter

38

Do any societies keep sex totally unregulated?

Nope

39

What are the three general rules with attitutes toward homosexuality?

1. No matter how a particular society views homosexuality, it occurs in every society universally

2. Males are more likely to engage in same sex activities than females

3. Same-sex is never the predominant way of sexual behaviour among adults in any societies

40

How are lower classes sexual behaviour compared to higher ones?

Lower class have sex earlier, have more stds, and manual workers engage in oral and intercourse more frequently

41

How do fracaphone quebecers compare to the rest of Canada in terms of sexual behaviour?

They are more liberal, such as ok with teens having sex, homos, etc

42

Are humans unique from other animals with sex stuff?

Not really, the biggest difference is our elaborate and complex cultural influences

43

Like other animals, do humans use sex for other uses than pleasure, procreation?

Yup, we use it for vicarious sense of power, money etc. Think of House of Cards!

44

What is an important new concept as well as a social and political movement that is gaining momentum worldwide to do wtih discusiions of sex?

Sexual Health!

45

What are sexual rights?

THings like reights to reproductive self-determination and sexual self-expression and freedom from sexual abuse and violence

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