Flashcards in Chapter 1 T/F Deck (20):
Useful theories are founded on both speculation and scientific evidence
The word personality comes from the Latin persona, meaning a mask or facade
Personality refers mostly to those characteristics that a person projects to the rest of the world
The terms theory and hypothesis are synonymous
Philosophy is a broader term than theory
The terms theory and educated guess are used interchangeably by scientists
Epistemology is the branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of knowledge
Science is the branch of study concerned with observation and classification of data and with the verification of general laws
Theories should be viewed as impractical but interesting speculations
Theory is a broader term than hypothesis
Taxonomies are dynamic and generate a multitude of hypotheses
A useful theory should generate multiple hypotheses
A cyclic relationship should exist between theory and observation
The psychology of science studies personal traits of personality theorists
A useful theory of personality should be falsifiable.
Personality theorists should avoid being influenced by their own personalities and backgrounds.
The psychology of science investigates ways in which personal characteristics of scientists influence scientific theory and research.
The value of a theory rests mostly on the personal characteristics of the theorist who developed it.
If a theory is falsifiable, it has been proven false