Chapter 1 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Test Deck (30):
1

Government

The institution through which society makes and enforces public policies

2

Public policies

All the things the government decides to do

3

Legislative power

Make the laws

4

Executive power

Enforce the laws

5

Judicial power

Interpret the law

6

Dictatorship

Ruled by one person

7

Democracy (2 types)

Direct: themselves
Indirect: through representatives

8

State

Dominant political unit in the world, body of people

9

Sovereign

Supreme power

10

MOnarchy

Power rests on one person

11

Oligarchy

Rule by a small group

12

Citizen

One who holds certain rights and responsibilities of the state

13

Authoritarian

The state has all political power

14

Totalitarian

The state has power of everything

15

Republic

Rule by the law

16

Unitary government

Power in hands of central agency

17

Federal government

Power is state equally by central and local

18

Confederate government

Power is given only to local agencies

19

Parliamentarian government

Executive is chosen and controlled by legislative branch

20

Presidential government

Legislative and executive are independent and co-equal

21

Majority rule

Democracy

22

Anarchy

No government

23

Free enterprise

Capitalism, American economic system is based on system

24

Characteristics of a state (4)

Population: people
Territory/border: land
Sovereignty: supreme power
Central government: politically organized

25

Origins of state (4)

Force theory: state born out of force
Evolution theory: state came out of family
Divine right theory: God gave a certain people the right to rule
Social contact theory: free people gave the state as much power as it needed

26

Forms of government (5)

Anarchy: no government
Dictatorship: ruled by one
Oligarchy: ruled by few
Democracy: ruled by majority
Republic: ruled by law

27

Purposes of government (6)

Form a more perfect union: strength in union
Establish justice: the law must be reasonable
Ensure domestic tranquility: provide law and order at home
Provide for the common defense: defense against enemies
Promote the general welfare: provide services
Secure the blessings of liberty: guarantees freedom of individual

28

Basic notions (5)

Equality of person: equality of opportunity and law
Worth of individual: we are separate
Majority rules minority rights: minority can become majority
Necessity of compromise: always two sides
Individual freedom: we have incomplete rights

29

Elements of free enterprise (4)

Private ownership
Individual initiative
Profit
Competition
Supply and demand

30

Difference between democracy and republic

Democracy rules by the majority, republic rules by the law