Flashcards in Chapter 1 Test Deck (30):
Identify/describe the characteristics of the state
1. Population (people)
2. Territory/border (land)
3. Sovereignty (supreme power)
4. Central Gov. (politically organized)
Identify/describe origins of state
1. Force theory: state was born out of force
2. Evolutionary theory: state came out of the family
3. Divine right theory: God gave a certain group the right to rule
4. Social control theory: people gave the sate as much power as needed to promote the safety and well being of all
Identify the 5 forms of Gov.
1. Anarchy: no gov.
2. Dictatorship: power rest with one person/state
3. Oligarchy: rule by a small group
4. Democarch: rule by the people/nation
5. Republic: rule by the law
6 purposes of the gov.
1. Form a more perfect nation
2. Establish justice
3. Insure domestic tranquility
4. Provide for common defense
5. Promote the general welfare
6. Secure the blessings of liberty
5 basic elements/concepts of a democratic government
1. Equality of all persons A. Equality of opportunity B. Before law
2. Worth of individual. We are separate and distinct beings
3. Majority rule, minority rights. The minority can become the majority minority has right.
4. Necessity of compromise. There are two sides to everything
5. Individual freedom. We have rights but they are nit complete
4 fundamental ideas of free enterprise
Supply and demand
One who holds certain rights and responsibilities
State had total power
Indirect (through their representatives)
One person or small group.
Single person hold power
Ruled by small group
State has all political power.
Power lies in the hands of a single central agency (GB)
Power is shared equally by the central and local agencies (USA)
Power is given to the local agencies only (articles of confederation)
Dominant political unit in the world
Make laws - congress
Enforce laws - president
Interpret law - Supreme Court
Institution through which society makes and enforces its public policies
All those things a gov. decides to do
Fundamental law est. principles of gov.
Legislative branches are independent and co equal
Executive (prime minster) is chosen and controlled by the legislative branch
Has supreme and absolute power
Alliance of independent states. Limited powers
Majority will be right more often then it will be wrong.
Process of bending or adjusting competing views