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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Test Deck (30):
1

Identify/describe the characteristics of the state

1. Population (people)
2. Territory/border (land)
3. Sovereignty (supreme power)
4. Central Gov. (politically organized)

2

Identify/describe origins of state

1. Force theory: state was born out of force
2. Evolutionary theory: state came out of the family
3. Divine right theory: God gave a certain group the right to rule
4. Social control theory: people gave the sate as much power as needed to promote the safety and well being of all

3

Identify the 5 forms of Gov.

1. Anarchy: no gov.
2. Dictatorship: power rest with one person/state
3. Oligarchy: rule by a small group
4. Democarch: rule by the people/nation
5. Republic: rule by the law

4

6 purposes of the gov.

1. Form a more perfect nation
2. Establish justice
3. Insure domestic tranquility
4. Provide for common defense
5. Promote the general welfare
6. Secure the blessings of liberty

5

5 basic elements/concepts of a democratic government

1. Equality of all persons A. Equality of opportunity B. Before law
2. Worth of individual. We are separate and distinct beings
3. Majority rule, minority rights. The minority can become the majority minority has right.
4. Necessity of compromise. There are two sides to everything
5. Individual freedom. We have rights but they are nit complete

6

4 fundamental ideas of free enterprise

Private ownership
Individual initiative
Profits
Competition
Supply and demand

7

Citizen

One who holds certain rights and responsibilities

8

Totalitarian

State had total power

9

Democracy

Direct (themselves)
Indirect (through their representatives)

10

Dictatorship

One person or small group.

11

Autocracy

Single person hold power

12

Oligarchy

Ruled by small group

13

Authoritarian

State has all political power.

14

Unitary gov.

Power lies in the hands of a single central agency (GB)

15

Federal gov.

Power is shared equally by the central and local agencies (USA)

16

Confederate gov.

Power is given to the local agencies only (articles of confederation)

17

State

Dominant political unit in the world

18

Legislative power

Make laws - congress

19

Executive power

Enforce laws - president

20

Judicial power

Interpret law - Supreme Court

21

Government

Institution through which society makes and enforces its public policies

22

Public policies

All those things a gov. decides to do

23

Constitution

Fundamental law est. principles of gov.

24

Presidential gov.

Legislative branches are independent and co equal

25

Parliamentary

Executive (prime minster) is chosen and controlled by the legislative branch

26

Sovereign

Has supreme and absolute power

27

Confederation

Alliance of independent states. Limited powers

28

Majority rule

Majority will be right more often then it will be wrong.

29

Compromise

Process of bending or adjusting competing views

30

Free enterprise

Economic system