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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (23):
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Cognitive Ability

The capacity to reason, remember, solve problems, and make decisions.

1

Intelligence

Those attributes that center around reasoning skills, knowledge of one's culture, and the ability to arrive at innovative solutions to problems.

2

Stanford-Binet

A test for determining a person's IQ.

3

IQ Test

A test designed to measure intelligence on an objective, standardized scale.

4

Intelligence Quotient

An index of intelligence that reflects the degree to which a person's score on an intelligence test deviates from the average score of others in the same group.

5

Test

A systematic procedure for observing behavior in a standard situation and describing it with the help of numerical scale or a category system.

6

Aptitude test

Tests designed to measure a person's capacity to learn certain things or preform certain tasks.

7

Achievement tests

Measure of what a person has accomplished or learned in a particular area.

8

Norms

Descriptions of the frequency at which particular scores occur, allowing score to be compared statistically.

9

Reliability

The degree to which a test can be repeated with the same results.

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Validity

The degree to which a test measures what it is supposed to measure and leads to correct inferences about people.

11

Psychometric approach

A way of studying intelligence that emphasizes analysis of the products of intelligence, especially scores on intelligence tests.

12

g

General intelligence (Charles Spearman)

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s

Special abilities

14

Fluid intelligence

The basic power of reasoning and problem solving.

15

Crystallized intelligence

The specific knowledge gained as a result of applying fluid intelligence.

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Information-processing approach

An approach to the study of intelligence that focuses on mental operations, such as attention and memory, that underlie intelligent behavior.

17

Triarchic theory of intelligence

Robert Sternberg's theory that describes intelligence as having analytic, creative, and practical dimensions.

18

Multiple Intelligences

Linguistic
Logical/Mathematical
Spatial
Musical
Body-kinesthetic
Intrapersonal
Interpersonal
Naturalistic

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Creativity

The capacity to produce new, high-quality ideas or products.

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Divergent thinking

The ability to think along many alternative paths to generate many different solutions to a problem.

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Convergent thinking

The ability to apply logic and knowledge to narrow down the number of possible solutions to a problem or preform some other complex cognitive task.

22

Metacognition

The knowledge of what strategies to apply, when to apply them, and how to deploy them in new situations.