Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (22):
1

How many muscles are in the body?

600

2

What are the three types of muscle tissue?

skeletal, cardiac, smooth

3

What is the major purpose of muscles?

convert chemical energy to ATP

4

What is myology?

the study of the muscular system

5

What are the 5 functions of muscles?

movement, stability, controlling of passageways, heat production, and glycemic control

6

What is endomysium?

thing sleeve of connective tissue that surrounds muscle fibers

7

What is perimysium?

thick layer of connective tissue

8

What is epimysium?

fibrous sheath surrounding entire muscle

9

What is fascia?

separates neighboring muscles

10

What is a muscle compartment?

Group of related muscles enclosed and separated by connective tissue

11

What are tendons?

bridge gap between muscle ends and bones

12

What kind of attachment is a tendon considered?

An indirect attachment

13

What is a direct attachment?

little separation between muscle and bone

14

What is the origin of the muscle?

bony attachment at the end of muscle

15

What is the belly of the muscle?

thicker, middle region of muscle

16

What is the insertion part of the muscle?

bony attachment to mobile end of the muscle

17

What are the four categories depending on action?

prime mover, synergist, antagonist, and fixator

18

What are intrinsic muscles?

entirely contained within a region

19

What are extrinsic muscles?

has a designated region, but originated elsewhere

20

What is innervation of a muscle?

identity of the muscle that stimulates it

21

What are cranial nerves?

arise from the base of the brain

22

How many liters of blood per minute does the muscular system receive?

1.24 L