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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (20):
1

Altruism

Prosocial behavior that is done with no expectation of reward and may involve the risk to harm oneself

2

Attitude

A tendency to respond positively or negatively toward a certain person, object, idea, or situation

3

Attribution

The process of explaining one’s own behavior and the behavior of others

4

Bystander Effect

Referring to the effect that the presence of other people has on the decision to help or not help, with the becoming less likely as the number or bystanders increases

5

Cognitive Dissonance

Sense of discomfort or distress that occurs when a person’s behavior does not correspond to that person’s attitudes

6

Companionate Love

Type of love consisting of intimacy and commitment

7

Compliance

Changing one’s behavior as a result of other people directing or asking for the change

8

Diffusion of Responsibility

Occurring when a person fails to take responsibility for actions or for inaction because of the presence of other people who are seen to share the responsibility

9

Discrimination

Treating people differently because of prejudice toward the social group to which they belong to

10

Groupthink

Kind of thinking that occurs when people place more importance on maintaining group cohesiveness than on assessing the facts of the problem with which the group is concerned

11

Impression Formation

The forming of the first knowledge that a person has concerning another person

12

In-groups

Social groups with whom a person identifies

13

Lowball Technique

Getting a commitment from a person and then raising the cost of that commitment

14

Obedience

Changing one’s behavior at the command of an authority figure

15

Out-groups

Social groups with whom a person does not identify, “them”

16

Prejudice

Negative attitude held by a person about the members of a particular social group

17

Prosocial Behavior

Socially desirable behavior that benefits others

18

Romantic Love

Type of love consisting of intimacy and passion

19

Social Cognition

The mental processes that people use to make sense of the social world around them

20

Social Psychology

Area of psychology in which the psychologists focus on how human behavior is affected by the presence of other people