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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (30):
0

Which two candidates had the same number of electoral votes at the end of the
Election of 1800?

Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr

1

How many electoral votes did the two candidates have?

73

2

What decided the Election of 1800 after there was a tie in the Electoral College?

House of Representatives

3

What amendment set the requirements for presidential elections?

12th

4

What type of governmental style “lets the people do as they choose”?

Laissez-faire

5

What act helped the Federalists control the courts?

Judiciary Act of 1801

6

Why did John Adams want to appoint these judges before he left office?

To shut Jefferson out of the appointment process and keep Federalist control in the courts

7

Who is the most famous midnight judge to not have his job finalized?

William Marbury

8

What was the landmark court case involving that judge that established judicial
review?

Marbury v. Madison

9

That case was the first time the Supreme Court had ever decided that something
was ________

Unconstitutional

10

Why would farmers in TN/KY establish their homes and farms near rivers that fed
into the Mississippi River?

To ship their crops to markets

11

Who sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States?

France

12

How much did the US pay for the area in the Louisiana Purchase?

$15 million

13

What political party had members threaten to secede from the union in response to
the Louisiana Purchase?

Federalists

14

Who was sent on an expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory and find its
resources?

Lewis and Clark

15

What river did those explorers follow along on their way to the Pacific Ocean?

Missouri River

16

Why was the Lewis and Clark expedition important to the western expansion of the
US?

They inspired people and sparked a sense of adventure

17

What did the US do to prohibit trade with the rest of the world and get back at
Britain?

Embargo Act

18

What did Tecumseh try to build in response to Ohio River Valley settlement?

A strong NA Confederacy

19

Who earned the nickname “Tippecanoe” after the battle of the same name?

William Henry Harrison

20

Who were two famous War Hawks that pressured Madison for war with Britain?

Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun

21

What was the cause of the War of 1812?

The Impressment of soldiers and attack on the Chesapeake

22

What city was burned greatly during the war?

Washington DC

23

What did Dolley Madison save from the President’s mansion?

A portrait of George Washington

24

What was the fort found at the entrance to the Baltimore Harbor?

Fort McHenry

25

What famous American song was written after the Battle of Fort McHenry?

The Star-Spangled Banner

26

What treaty ended the War of 1812?

The Treaty of Ghent

27

What major battle took place after the peace treaty was signed?

The Battle of New Orleans

28

Who became a well-known hero after that battle?

Andrew Jackson

29

What did the outcome of the War of 1812 do for America?

It helped the US gain respect around the world & built a strong national identity
This is called Nationalism