Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

Healthcare > Chapter 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (72):
1

Cerebr/o

Cerebrum, brain

2

Concuss/o

Shaken together, violently agitated

3

Contus/o

Bruise

4

Encephal/o

Brain

5

-esthesia

Sensation, feeling

6

Esthet/o

Feeling, nervous sensation, sense of perception

7

-graphy

Process of producing a picture or record

8

Mening/o

Membranes, meninges

9

Myel/o

Spinal cord, bone marrow

10

Caus/o

Burning, burn

11

Neur/i, neur/o

Nerve, nerve tissue

12

Phobia

Abnormal fear

13

Psych/o

Mind

14

Radicul/o

Root or nerve root

15

Tropic

Having an affinity for

16

Acrophobia

Excessive fear of heights

17

Alzheimer's disease

Disorders involving parts of the brain that control thoughts, memory, language

18

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Rapidly progressive neurological disease that attacks nerve cells responsible for controlling voluntary muscles

19

Anesthetic

Medication used to induce anesthesia

20

Anesthetist

Specializes in administration of anesthesia

21

Anxiety disorder

Excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, or fear that is out of proportion to the real danger in a situation

22

Autism

Subgroup of autistic spectrum disorders that impair ability to communicate and interact

23

Bell's palsy

Temporary paralysis of seventh cranial nerve that causes paralysis only on affected side of face

24

Carotid ultrasonography

Ultrasound study of carotid artery that is performed to predict or diagnose an ischemic stroke

25

Causalgia

Persistent, severe, burning pain that usually follows an injury to a sensory nerve

26

Cerebral contusion

Bruising of brain tissue as the result of a head injury that causes the brain to bounce against the skull

27

Cerebral palsy

Condition with poor muscle control, spasticity, and other neurological deficiencies

28

Cerebrovascular accident

Damage to the brain that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted

29

Cervical radiculopathy

Nerve pain caused by pressure on the spinal nerve roots in the neck region

30

Claustrophobia

Abnormal fear of being in small or enclosed places

31

Cognition

The mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory

32

Coma

Deep state of unconsciousness with no eye movement, no response to painful stimuli, no vocalization

33

Concussion

Violent shaking up or jarring of the brain

34

Cranial hematoma

A collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the brain

35

Delirium

Acute condition of confusion, disorientation, disordered thinking, memory, agitation, hallucinations

36

Delirium tremons

Sudden and severe mental changes or seizures caused by abruptly stopping use of alcohol

37

Delusion

False personal belief that is maintained despise obvious proof or evidence to the contrary

38

Dementia

Slow progressive decline in mental abilities

39

Dyslexia

Substandard reading achievement due to inability of brain to process symbols

40

Echoencephalography

Use of ultrasound imaging to create a detailed visual image of the brain for diagnostic purposes

41

Electroencephalography

Process of recording the electrical activity of the brain through the use of electrodes attached to the scalp

42

Encephalitis

Inflammation of the brain

43

Epidural anesthesia

Injecting medication into epidural space of lumbar or sacral region of spine

44

Epilepsy

Chronic neurologic condition characterized by recurrent episodes of seizures of varying severity

45

Factitiuos disorder

Person acts as if he or she has a physical or mental illness when he/she is really not sick

46

Guillain-Barré syndrome

Inflammation of myelin sheath of peripheral nerves, rapidly worsening muscle weakness that may lead to temporary paralysis

47

Hallucination

Sensory perception experienced in absence of external stimulation

48

Hemorrhagia stroke

Damage to brain that occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks

49

Hydrocephalus

Excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates within ventricles of brain

50

Hyperesthesia

Abnormal and excessive sensitivity to touch, pain, or other sensory stimuli

51

Hypochondriasis

Fearing that one has a serious illness despite appropriate medical evaluation and reassurance

52

Ischemic stroke

Damage that occurs when flow of blood to brain is blocked by narrowing of a carotid artery

53

Lethargy

Lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, drowsiness, and apathy

54

Meningitis

Inflammation of meninges of brain and spinal cord

55

Meningocele

Congenital herniation of meninges thru a defect in the skull or spinal column

56

Migraine headache

Throbbing pain on one side of head and may be preceded by a warning aura

57

Multiple sclerosis

Progressive autoimmune disorder with inflammation that causes demyelination of the myelin sheath

58

Myelitis

Inflammation of spinal cord and bone marrow

59

Myelography

Radiographic study of spinal cord after injection of a contrast medium thru lumbar puncture

60

Narcolepsy

Sleep disorder consisting of sudden and uncomfortable brief episodes of falling asleep during the day

61

Obsessive compulsive disorder

Obsessions and compulsions

62

Panic attack

Unexpected and sudden experience of fear w/ shortness of breath and chest pain

63

Paresthesia

Burning prickling sensation usually felt in hands, arms, legs, or feet

64

Parkinson's disease

Chronic, degenerative central nervous system disorder by fine muscle tremors, rigidity, slow or shuffling

65

Peripheral neuropathy

Disorder of peripheral nerves that carry info to and from brain and spinal cord, producing pain, loss of sensation, inability to control muscles

66

Posttraumatic stress disorder

Development of symptoms after major traumatic event

67

Reye's syndrome

Potentially serious or deadly disorder in children w/ vomiting and confusion, sometimes following viral illness for which child was treated w/ aspirin

68

Schizophrenia

Psychotic disorder by withdrawal from reality, illogical patterns of thinking, delusions, and hallucinations

69

Sciatica

Inflammation of sciatic nerves that result in pain, burning, tingling along course of affected nerves

70

Shaken baby syndrome

Results of a child being shaken violently from someone

71

Syncope

Brief loss of consciousness caused by decreased flow of blood to the brain

72

Trigeminal neuralgia

Inflammation of fifth cranial nerve by sudden, intense, brief attacks of sharp pain on one side of the face