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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (17):
1

1. Of the following aspects of demographic change, the fact that ______ is least influential with respect to the family and household transition.
a. people are living longer
b. women are having fewer children
c. the population is increasingly urban
d. international migration has increased

d. international migration has increased

2

2. nature of a family is that it is a(n) _______ unit whereas a household is a(n) ________unit.
1. consumption; kinship
2. kinship; residential
3. economic; nonfamily
4. residential; family

2. kinship; residential

3

ife chances of most people will be least affected by
1. geographic location
2. individual genetic structure
3. family social structure
4. social location

2. individual genetic structure

4

ise in the age at marriage among women is least likely to be associated with higher
1. levels of female empowerment.
2. fertility rates.
3. probabilities of migrating from rural to urban areas.
4. probabilities of being a second wife in polygamous societies.

1. delayed marriage.

5

demographic feature that is probably the biggest contributor to the rise in divorce rates is the
1. rise in life expectancy.
2. decline in fertility.
3. increase in cohabitation.
4. “me” generation.

1. rise in life expectancy.

6

single most important contributor to a person’s life chances is
1. being lifted out of poverty.
2. his or her gene pool.
3. the status of the individual’s occupation.
4. his or her level of education.

4. his or her level of education.

7

region of the world with the greatest excess of female over male illiteracy is
1. northern Africa and the Middle East.
2. sub-Saharan Africa.
3. southern Asia.
4. Latin America and the Caribbean

2. sub-Saharan Africa.

8

9. Educational homogamy refers to
1. people of the same sex with the same level of education.
2. wanting to marry someone with a similar educational level.
3. the rise in educational attainment among women.
4. the fact that religious education has become more secular.

2. wanting to marry someone with a similar educational level.

9

Of the following, which is the least descriptive of the global occupational situation of women?
a. Careers, not jobs
b. A glass ceiling
c. A sticky floor
d. A pay gap

Careers, not jobs

10

11. About _____ percent of the world’s population is currently living at or below the international definition of poverty.
a. 10
b. 20
c. 40
d. 60

c. 40

11

12. From a demographic perspective, marriage matters because it especially influences
1. the life chances of children.
2. female empowerment.
3. the labor force participation of women.
4. the gender-sharing of household chores.

1. the life chances of children.

12

1. Family members differ from household members in that the latter always live together, whereas the former may not.

FALSE

13

2. Because it is not a biological attribute, religion is always considered to be an achieved characteristic.

dunno

14

3. Despite widespread changes, the traditional family of a married couple with children still accounts for a slight

dunno

15

majority of households in the United States.

TRUE

16

4. Unlike in the United States, cohabitation has always been the norm in France.

FALSE

17

5. Catholics have higher fertility levels than Protestants in the United States.

TRUE