Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (103):
1

Suffix: emia

condition of blood

2

Suffix: hemia

condition of blood

3

Suffix: penia

decrease in, deficiency of

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Suffix: poiesis

formation, production

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myel/o

bone marrow

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hem/o

blood

7

hemat/o

blood

8

erythr/o

red blood cell

9

erythrocyt/o

red blood cell

10

leuk/o

white blood cell

11

leukocyt/o

white blood cell

12

lymph/o

lymphocyte

13

lymphocyt/o

lymphocyte

14

thromb/o

blood clot

15

thrombocyt/o

platelet, thrombocyte

16

immun/o

immunity, immune system

17

azot/o

nitrogenous compounds

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calc/i

calcium

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ferr/o

iron

20

ferr/i

iron

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sider/o

iron

22

kali

potassium

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natri

sodium

24

ox/y

oxygen

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agranulocyte

white blood cell that does not have visible granules in its cytoplasm

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albumin

a simple protein found in blood plasma

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antibody

a protein produced in response to and interacting specifically with an antigen

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antigen

a substance that induces the formation of an antibody

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B cell

a lymphocyte that matures in lymphoid tissue and is active in producing antibodies

30

band cell

an immature neutrophil with a nucleus in the shape of a band (also called stab cell), brand cell counts are used to trace infections and disease

31

basophil

a granular leukocyte that stains strongly with basic dyes, active in allergic reactions

32

blood

the fluid that circulates in the cardiovascular system

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coagulation

blood clotting

34

cross-matching

testing the compatibility of donor and recipient blood in preparation for a transfusion.

35

electrolyte

a substance that separates into charged particles (ions) in a solution; a salt.

36

eosinophil

a granular leukocyte that stains strongly with acidic dyes active in allergic reactions

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erythropoietin

a hormone produced in the kidneys that stimulates red blood cell production in the bone marrow

38

fibrin

the protein that forms a clot in the blood coagulation process

39

fibrinogen

the inactive precursor of fibrin

40

formed elements

the cellular components of blood

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gamma globulin

the fraction of blood plasma that contains antibodies, given for passive transfer of immunity

42

granulocyte

a white blood cell that has visable granules in its cytoplasm

43

hemoglobin

the iron containing pigment in red blood cells that transports oxygen

44

hemostasis

the stoppage of bleeding

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immunity

the state of being protected against a disease

46

immunoglobulin

an antibody ( 5 classes: IgG, IgM, IgA, IgD, IgE)

47

leukocyte

white blood cells

48

lymphocyte

an agranular leukocyte active in immunity (T and B cells) found in blood cells and lymphoid tissue

49

megakaryocyte

a large bone marrow cell that fragments to release platelets

50

macrophage

a phagocytic cell derived from a monocyte, usually in tissues. They process antigens for Tcells

51

monocyte

an agranular phagocytic leukocyte

52

neutrophil

a granular leukocyte that stains weakly with both acidic and basic dyes, most common white blood cells. Type of phagocyte.

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phagocytosis

the engulfing of foreign material by white blood cells

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plasma

the liquid portion of the blood

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plasma cell

a mature form of a B cell that produces antibodies

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platelet

a formed element of the blood that is active in hemostasis

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serum

the fraction of the plasma that remains after blood coagulation, equivalent of plasma without its clotting factors

58

T cell

a lymphocyte that matures in the thymus and attacks foreign cells directly

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thrombocyte

a blood platelet

60

AIDS

immune system failure caused by infection with HIV, the virus infects T cells and thus interferes with immunity.

61

allergen

a substance that causes an allergic responses

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allergy

hypersensitivity

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anaphylactic reaction

an exaggerated allergic reaction to a foreign substance, may lead to death caused by circulatory collapse and respiratory distress if untreated.

64

anemia

A deficiency in the amount of hemoglobin in the blood, may result from blood loss, malnutrition etc

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angioedema

a localized edema with large hives involving deep layers of the skin

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aplastic anemia

anemia caused by bone marrow failure resulting in deficient blood cell production

67

autoimmune disease

a condition in which the immune system produces antibodies against an individuals own tissues

68

cooley anemia

a form of thalassemia (hereditary anemia) that affects production of the beta hemoglobin chain

69

delayed hypersensitivity reaction

an allergic reaction involving T cells that takes 12 hours to develop
ex. poison ivy, poison oak

70

disseminated intravascular coagulation

widespread clot formation in the microscopic vessels

71

ecchymosis

a collection of blood under the skin caused by leakage from small vessels

72

hemolysis

the rupture of red blood cells and the release of hemoglobin

73

hemophilia

a hereditary blood disease caused by lack of clotting resulting in abnormal bleeding

74

hemorrhage anemia

anemia that results from blood loss
ex. injury, internal bleeding

75

HIV

virus that causes AIDS

76

hodgkin disease

a neoplastic disease of unknown cause that involves the lymph nodes, spleen, liver, and other tissues. Characterized by the presence of giant Reed Sternberg cells

77

hypersensitivity

an immunologic reaction to a substance that is harmless to most people (allergy)

78

immunodeficiency

a congenital or acquired failure of the immune system to protect against disease

79

intrinsic factor

a substance produced in the stomach that aids in the intestinal absorption of vitamin B necessary for red blood cell production

80

kaposi sarcoma

cancerous lesion of the skin and other tissues (symptom of AIDS)

81

leukemia

malignant overgrowth of immature white blood cells, chronic or acute, affects bone marrow or lymphoid tissue

82

lymphadenopathy

any disease of the lymph nodes

83

multiple myeloma

a tumor of the blood-forming tissue in bone marrow

84

non-hodgkin lymphoma

NHL
a widespread malignant disease of lymph nodes that involved lymphocytes. (Diff from hodgkins because giant Reed Sternberg cells as absent)

85

nutritional anemia

anemia resulting from a dietary deficiency (usually iron, B12, or folic acid)

86

philadelphia chromosome

an abnormal chromosome found in cells of most individuals with chronic granulocytic

87

pernicious anemia

anemia caused by failure of the stomach to produce intrinsic factor (needed for the absorption of vitamin B)

88

petechiae

pinpoint, flat, purplish red spots caused by bleeding within the skin or mucous membrane

89

purpura

a condition characterized by hemorrhages into the skin, mucous membranes, internal organs, and other tissues

90

sickle cell anemia

hereditary anemia caused by presence of abnormal hemoglobin, red blood cells become sickle shaped when they give up oxygen and interfere with normal blood flow to the tissues

91

sideroblastic anemia

anemia caused by inability to use available iron to manufacture hemoglobin

92

sjögren syndrome

an autoimmune disease involving dysfunction of the exocrine glands and affecting secretion of tears, saliva, and other bodily fluids.

93

splenomegaly

enlargement of the spleen

94

systemic lupus erythrematosus

inflammatory connective tissue disease affecting the skin and multiple organs. Patients are sensitive to light and have a red butterfly rash over nose.

95

systemic sclerosis

connective tissue disease that involves any system causing inflammation, degeneration, and fibrosis

96

thalassemia

a group of hereditary anemias mostly mostly found in populations of mediterranean descent

97

thrombocytopenia

deficiency of thrombocytes (platelets) in the blood

98

urticaria

a skin reaction consisting of round, raised eruptions with hitching hives

99

adrenaline

powerful stimulant produced by the adrenal gland and sympathetic nervous system.

100

CD4+ T lymphocyte count

A count of T cells that have CD4 receptors for the AIDS virus HIV

101

epinephrine

powerful stimulant produced by the adrenal gland and sympathetic nervous system.

102

reticulocyte counts

blood counts of reticulocytes (type of immature red blood cell) counts are useful in diagnosis to indicate the rate of erythrocyte formation

103

Reed Sternberg cells

Giant cells that are characteristics of hodgkin disease (two large nuclei surrounded by a halo).